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Table 2 Attitude towards domestic physical violence by background characteristics among Ghanaian women age 15–49 year old 2003-2008

From: Women’s approval of domestic physical violence against wives: analysis of the Ghana demographic and health survey

Variable Goes out without telling him Neglects the children Argues with him Refusal to have sexual intercourse with him Burns the food At least one reason
Age
  15-24 23.8*** 27.4*** 22.4*** 10.7*** 9.8*** 39.4**
  25-34 22.4 27.1 21.1 13.2 8.0 35.9
  35-49 30.8 24.4 20.3 13.3 7.4 34.4
Level of education
  No education 32.9*** 34.7*** 30.7*** 21.2*** 12.1*** 49.9***
  Primary 24.9 31.3 24.5 14.4 10.4 42.4
  Secondary 18.3 22.5 17.7 8.5 6.5 31.6
  Higher 6.3   6.3 5.2 2.6 11.1
Occupation
  Working 22.4*** 26.6 21.4 12.8*** 7.9* 36.7
  Not working 22.1 25.4 20.8 10.4 9.5 36.7
Marital status
  Never married 20.4*** 24.0** 20.4*** 8.7*** 7.5*** 34.8
  Currently married 23.3 27.7 22.0 13.7 9.0 37.6
  Formerly married 22.2 26.0 20.3 15.4 6.9 37.8
Place of residence
  Urban 16.1*** 20.4*** 16.0*** 8.8*** 5.5*** 28.7***
  Rural 28.0 31.8 26.3 15.5 10.9 44.4
Religion
  Christian 19.6*** 24.3*** 19.3*** 10.2*** 7.2*** 33.4***
  Traditional 35.0 39.8 35.4 25.9 15.6 56.0
  Moslem 31.6 31.5 26.5 18.6 10.4 48.1
  Others 26.2 32.5 28.8 16.8 11.9 42.5
Wealth Index
  Poorest 33.5*** 35.5*** 33.0*** 21.3*** 12.9*** 54.1***
  Poor 30.2 32.9 27.4 16.2 11.8 45.0
  Middle 23.4 28.3 21.3 10.8 8.3 37.9
  Rich 17.8 23.0 18.3 10.1 6.7 32.3
  Richest 11.6 16.3 11.6 6.2 4.0 22.5
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001