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Table 4 Contraceptive Use and Sexual Behaviors by Year of Study

From: Contraceptive use, knowledge, attitude, perceptions and sexual behavior among female University students in Uganda: a cross-sectional survey

Variable Overall Year-1 Year-2 Year-3+ P-values
  N (%)** N (%)** N (%)** N (%)**  
Current Contraceptives use      
 Yes 986 (46.6) 317 (41.6) 381 (50.9) 288 (46.2) 0.4643
Currently in sexual relationship      
 Yes 1006 (51.2) 319 (45.5) 389 (54.5) 298 (53.0) 0.2730
Ever had sexual intercourse      
 Yes 833 (69.7) 249 (62.2) 326 (72.7) 258 (73.3) 0.2588
Had sex in past 12 months      
 Yes 850 (62.1) 261 (55.9) 326 (65.6) 263 (63.9) 0.3664
Ever used any method to prevent pregnancy      
 Yes 985 (55.1) 312 (47.4) 376 (58.8) 297 (58.6) 0.1313
Current Contraceptives method      
None 527 (53.4) 185 (58.4) 187 (49.1) 155 (53.8) 0.5809
Traditional 32 (3.2) 14 (4.4) 10 (2.6) 8 (2.8) 0.7053
Condoms-only 340 (34.5) 98 (30.9) 149 (39.1) 93 (32.3) 0.8487
Modern with/out condoms 87 (8.8) 20 (6.3) 35 (9.2) 32 (11.1) 0.4009
Know a pregnant friend      
 Yes 1005 (33.8) 319 (16.3) 388 (38.9) 298 (46.0) <0.001
Ever been pregnant      
 Yes 1004 (9.0) 318 (4.1) 388 (9.8) 298 (13.1) 0.0003
Ever tried to terminate pregnancy      
 Yes 90 (40.0) 13 (38.5) 38 (36.8) 39 (43.6) 0.7280
*Currently pregnant (self-reported)      
 Yes 1005 (2.0) 319 (0.63) 388 (2.1) 298 (3.4) 0.0174
  1. ** *N = Total number of respondents with information on each variable, while % = percentage of respondents with “Agree” for each variable