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Table 1 Outcomes at baseline and after 20 weeks of lifestyle modification for participants who completed the study

From: Perceived exercise barriers are reduced and benefits are improved with lifestyle modification in overweight and obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomised controlled trial

  Week 0 Δ Week 20   
  DO DA DC DO DA DC Time Time x Treatment
Weight (kg) 107.2 (25.2) 103.0 (21.9) 96.1 (19.4) −9.2 (6.0) −12.5 (6.4) −8.6 (5.8) P < 0.001 P = 0.2
VO2peak (ml/kg/min) 23.8 (3.7) 25.5 (3.7) 24.4 (2.8) −0.5 (2.9) 4.4 (4.4)* 2.6 (2.7)* P < 0.001 P = 0.01
CES-D 19 (10) 17 (8) 13 (8) −0.9 (9.0) −5.0 (10.3) 0.4 (8.3) P < 0.001 P = 0.7
PCOSQ: Emotion 4.0 (1.4) 4.4 (0.8) 4.9 (0.9) 0.5 (0.8) 0.7 (1.0) 0.4 (1.0) P < 0.001 P = 0.5
   Body Hair 2.9 (1.5) 3.1 (1.2) 3.4 (1.1) 0.3 (1.0) 0.5 (0.6) 0.1 (0.7) P = 0.05 P = 0.5
   Weight 1.9 (0.8) 2.1 (0.9) 2.2 (0.9) 0.9 (0.8) 1.4 (0.8) 1.3 (1.0) P < 0.001 P = 0.1
   Infertility problems 4.3 (1.9) 4.7 (1.4) 4.6 (1.4) 0.4 (0.8) 0.9 (1.1) 0.7 (1.0) P < 0.001 P = 0.5
   Menstrual problems 3.4 (1.3) 3.8 (1.1) 3.7 (1.1) 0.3 (2.2) 0.5 (1.3) 0.8 (1.2) P = 0.03 P = 0.7
  1. CES-D centre for epidemiologic studies depression scale, DA diet and aerobic exercise, DC diet and combined aerobic and resistance exercise, DO diet only, PCOSQ polycystic ovary syndrome questionnaire, VO 2 peak peak oxygen consumption, Δ change
  2. Values are mean (SD); *significantly different to DO (P < 0.05)