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Table 1 Selected characteristics of Bangladeshi urban women by migrant status (%)

From: Use of reproductive health care services among urban migrant women in Bangladesh

Characteristics Migrant (N = 8921) Non-migrant (N = 5270)
Age*
 ≤18 7.4 8.9
 19–24 24.5 28.5
 25–29 16.5 17.0
 30–34 14.5 13.4
 35–39 13.3 11.6
 40–44 10.4 8.9
 45–49 6.0 4.8
 50–54 5.1 4.8
 55–59 2.2 2.1
Marital status*
 Currently married 83.1 71.9
 Separated/deserted/widowed/divorced 10.4 10.3
 Never married 6.5 18.1
Age at first marriage <18 years* N = 8343 N = 4317
72.2 67.9
Not attended school* 36.7 27.5
Muslim Religion** 90.1 91.8
Not working currently* 67.2 76.4
Division (Administrative regions in descending order of density of health care facilities)* a
 Dhaka 44.0 30.5
  No. of all secondary & tertiary
  hospitals = 40, no. of public hospital
  beds = 6655; population/bed = 6900
 Rajshahi 7.4 15.1
  No. of all secondary & tertiary
  hospitals = 26, no. of public hospital
  beds = 4650; population/bed = 7621
 Chittagong 26.8 30.4
  No. of all secondary & tertiary
  hospitals = 17, no. of public hospital
  beds = 3550; population/bed = 8002
 Khulna 12.9 14.1
  No. all secondary & tertiary
  hospitals = 16, no. of public hospital
  beds = 2015; population/bed = 8536
 Sylhet 4.8 3.1
  No. of all secondary & tertiary
  hospitals = 10, no. of public hospital
  beds = 1826; population/bed = 5093
 Barisal 4.2 6.7
  No. of all secondary & tertiary
  hospitals = 08, no. of public hospital
  beds = 1370; population/bed = 7010
Place of current residence*
 Urban slum 51.5 41.9
 Urban non-slum 38.1 40.7
 District town 10.4 17.3
Origin of birth*
 City corporation 2.9 63.7
 District town 9.2 22.8
 Other town 2.7 1.0
 Village 83.9 11.8b
 Abroad 1.3 0.6
Illness and healthcare decision making
 Experience of any serious illness in last year* 21.4 18.0
 Person who makes final decisions about health care* N = 7688 N = 3955
  Respondent 24.3 26.8
  Spouse 33.5 29.3
  Respondent and spouse jointly 32.1 29.6
  Someone else 4.5 6.5
  Respondent and someone else jointly 5.6 7.8
 Perceived security of area*
  Very safe 40.2 46.4
  Somewhat safe 55.5 49.0
  Unsafe & very unsafe 4.4 4.6
STI symptoms**
 Itching in vaginal area 14.8 13.0
 Genital soreness 3.7 2.7
Sexual violence
 Forced to have sexual intercourse N = 7412 N = 3790
19.3 19.9
  1. aGovernment of Bangladesh, DGHS, Health Bulletin 2012: Secondary and tertiary level health care facilities in Bangladesh
  2. bPossible explanations: (i) permanently living in cities but born in villages to get support from relatives staying at villages by mother; (ii) This may be due to definitional constraints of ‘urban’. Current place of urban residence might have been regarded as a village at the time respondents were born. For this we examined the length of years lived by both migrant and non-migrant women in the current place of residence considering the current age of the respondents
  3. *Group comparisons by χ2, p = 0.000; ** p ≤ 0.02