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Table 3 Univariate analysis of factors associated with recurrence (N = 177; recurrence, n = 29)

From: Recurrence of cervical intraepithelial lesions after thermo-coagulation in HIV-positive and HIV-negative Nigerian women

   Recurrence Univariate  
    OR (95 % CI) P-value
N n (%)   
HIV status
 Negative 57 7 12.3 1.00 0.31
 Positive 120 22 18.3 1.6 (0.60–4.00)
Age category (years)
  < 30 45 14 31.1 1.00 0.003*
  ≥ 30 132 15 11.4 0.28 (0.12–0.65)
Age at first intercourse
  < 18 years 46 9 19.6 1.00 0.46
  ≥ 18 years 128 19 14.9 0.71 (0.30–1.70)
No of Sexual Partners
  ≤ 1 145 24 16.6 1.00 0.93
  > 1 29 5 17.3 1.05 (0.40–3.00)
Elective Abortions:
 Never 49 5 10.2 1.00 0.12
 Ever 117 24 20.5 2.27 (0.81–6.35)
Number of Pregnancies
  < 5 114 22 19.3 1.00 0.19
  ≥ 5 61 7 11.5 0.54 (0.22–1.35)
Miscarriages
 Never 139 27 19.4 1.00 0.15
 Ever 20 1 5.0 0.22 (0.03–1.70)
Marital Status
 Never Married 42 5 11.9 1.00 0.37
 Ever Married 135 24 17.8 1.60 (0.57–4.50)
Highest Education
  ≤ Secondary 88 16 18.2 1.00 0.54
 Post-secondary 88 13 14.8 0.78 (0.35–1.74)
Contraceptive use
 Never 91 14 15.4 1.00 0.71
 Ever 86 15 17.4 1.16 (0.53–2.58)
Genital Lesions (Warts, Sores or Ulcers)
 No 42 7 16.7 1.00 0.14
 Yes 14 5 35.7 2.78 (0.71–10.88)
CD4 Count (cells/mm3)a
  ≥ 200 71 8 11.3 1.00 0.03*
  < 200 22 7 31.8 3.68 (1.15–11.73)
  1. aHIV positive*Statistically significant at 0.05 level