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Table 2 Association between contraceptive method choice and various background characteritics of women aged 15–49 years

From: Contraceptive method choice among women in slum and non-slum communities in Nairobi, Kenya

Characteristics Traditional method vs. no method Short-term method vs. no method Long-term method vs. no method
Socio-demographic factors
Age
 15–24 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 25–34 0.44 *** [0.31–0.61] 1.46 * [1.07–2.01] 2.59 * [1.15–5.79]
 35–54 0.36 *** [0.26–0.51] 0.52 *** [0.36–0.74] 3.02 ** [1.38–6.62]
Marital status
 Never married 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Currently married 0.32 *** [0.23–0.44] 2.11 *** [1.53–2.91] 6.71 *** [2.84–15.84]
 Formerly married 0.20 *** [0.13–0.31] 0.92   [0.62–1.37] 3.40 * [1.27–9.11]
Ethnicity
 Kikuyu 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Luhya 1.43   [0.93–2.20] 1.35   [0.89–2.07] 1.18   [0.56–2.48]
 Luo 1.54 * [1.00–2.35] 1.39   [0.91–2.12] 0.64   [0.28–1.48]
 Kamba 0.81   [0.54–1.21] 1.22   [0.85–1.74] 0.39 * [0.18–0.88]
 Other 1.02   [0.67–1.55] 0.78   [0.51–1.19] 0.51   [0.23–1.15]
Parity
 No children 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 1–2 children 0.36 *** [0.26–0.51] 2.97 *** [2.03–4.34] 5.74 ** [1.92–17.16]
 3+ years 0.20 *** [0.14–0.29] 1.72 ** [1.16–2.54] 7.63 *** [2.60–22.35]
Household size
 1–3 members 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 4–6 members 1.96 *** [1.39–2.77] 1.39 * [1.02–1.88] 3.69 *** [1.77–7.71]
 7+ members 2.40 *** [1.63–3.52] 0.93   [0.64–1.35] 2.60 * [1.11–6.05]
Socio–economic factors
Education
 None 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Primary 2.42 *** [1.75–3.35] 1.34   [0.99–1.80] 1.23   [0.64–2.35]
 Secondary/higher 11.26 *** [7.02–18.07] 3.22 *** [2.00–5.20] 9.30 *** [4.76–18.18]
Wealth index
 Poor 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Medium 1.16   [0.80–1.66] 0.88   [0.63–1.22] 0.92   [0.49–1.73]
 Rich 1.44 * [1.02–2.03] 0.83   [0.60–1.15] 0.73   [0.39–1.36]
Residence
 Slum 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Non-slum 19.95 *** [13.59–29.29] 4.26 *** [2.89–6.28] 13.91 *** [7.90–24.51]
Employment status
 Self-employed 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Informal 1.05   [0.63–1.78] 1.01   [0.65–1.56] 0.82   [0.32–2.07]
 Formal 2.54 *** [1.58–4.08] 1.23   [0.78–1.94] 2.75 ** [1.36–5.54]
 Unemployed 1.99 *** [1.38–2.86] 1.03   [0.75–1.41] 0.72   [0.37–1.41]
Behavioral/attitudinal factors
Pregnancy wantedness
 Never pregnant 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Intended 0.25 *** [0.18–0.34] 2.30 *** [1.60–3.30] 6.48 *** [2.24–18.74]
 Unintended 0.41 *** [0.27–0.62] 2.49 *** [1.61–3.84] 7.87 *** [2.51–24.70]
  1. * p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001