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Table 3 Determinants of contraceptive method choice among women living in slum and non-slum settlements

From: Contraceptive method choice among women in slum and non-slum communities in Nairobi, Kenya

Characteristics Traditional method vs. no method Short-term method vs. no method Long-term method vs. no method
Socio-demographic factors
Age
 15–24 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 25–34 0.89   [0.59–1.32] 1.05   [0.73–1.53] 1.29   [0.53–3.11]
 35–54 1.05   [0.66–1.69] 0.38 *** [0.24–0.59] 1.24   [0.50–3.08]
Marital status
 Never married 1.00       1.00   
 Currently married 0.56 * [0.34–0.92] 1.65 * [1.01–2.69] 3.46 * [1.17–10.28]
 Formerly married 0.34 *** [0.19–0.59] 0.68   [0.39–1.18] 1.56   [0.48–5.05]
Ethnicity
 Kikuyu 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Luhya 1.57   [0.99–2.50] 1.28   [0.82–2.00] 0.98   0.46–2.11]
 Luo 1.50   [0.93–2.42] 1.35   [0.86–2.12] 0.55   [0.22–1.38]
 Kamba 0.86   [0.55–1.34] 0.92   [0.62–1.34] 0.33 ** [0.14–0.74]
 Other 0.86   [0.55–1.35] 0.60 * [0.39–0.93] 0.39 * [0.17–0.89]
Parity
 No children 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 1–2 children 0.68   [0.43–1.09] 2.84 *** [1.64–4.89] 2.70   [0.77–9.44]
 3+ years 0.35 *** [0.19–0.65] 1.96 * [1.03–3.3.74] 2.40   [0.67–8.69]
Household size
 1–3 members 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 4–6 members 2.21 *** [1.52–3.23] 1.40 * [1.01–1.94] 3.09 ** [1.45–6.58]
 7+ members 2.03 ** [1.31–3.16] 1.22   [0.81–1.84] 2.72 * [1.06–6.96]
Socio–economic factors
Education
 None 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Primary 1.67 ** [1.17–2.38] 1.26   [0.93–1.71] 1.02   [0.52–1.99]
 Secondary/Higher 2.07 * [1.09–3.92] 1.79 * [1.00–3.20] 2.27 * [1.11–4.63]
Wealth index
 Poor 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Medium 0.90   [0.59–1.35] 0.79   [0.57–1.11] 0.64   [0.32–1.26]
 Rich 0.81   [0.54–1.20] 0.69 * [0.49–0.97] 0.39 ** m
Residence
 Slum 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Non-slum 15.33 *** [9.55–24.62] 3.61 *** [2.31–5.62] 10.03 *** [5.64–17.82]
Employment status
 Self-employed 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Informal 1.14   [0.66–1.98] 0.98   [0.63–1.52] 0.81   [0.31–2.08]
 Formal 0.95   [0.55–1.65] 0.86   [0.51–1.43] 1.22   [0.54–2.76]
 Unemployed 1.59 * [1.05–2.40] 0.95   [0.69–1.32] 0.62   [0.31–1.25]
Behavioral/attitudinal factors
Pregnancy wantedness
 Never pregnant 1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Intended 0.25 *** [0.18–0.34] 2.30 *** [1.60–3.30] 6.48 *** [2.24–18.74]
 Unintended 0.41 *** [0.27–0.62] 2.49 *** [1.61–3.84] 7.87 *** [2.51–24.70]
  1. * p < .05; **p < .01; ***p < .001