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Table 4 Maternal and neonatal service usage, ordered by service type and % usage

From: Maternal and neonatal service usage and determinants in fragile and conflict-affected situations: a systematic review of Asia and the Middle-East

Service Study Outcome % usage
Antenatal care (ANC) Basaleem (2012) [30] Professional ANC 97.7%
  ANC in 1st trimester 60%
Choulagai et al. (2013) [16] 4+ ANC 57%
Devkota and Bhatta (2011) [17] At least one ANC 71.8%
Skilled birth attendance (SBA) Basaleem (2012) [30] SBA usage 50%
Choulagai et al. (2013) [16] SBA usage 48%
Dhakal et al. (2011) [18] SBA usage 31%
Mayhew et al. (2008) [20] SBA usage 13%
Kempe et al. (2013) [31] TBA usage (untrained) 71 (32%)
TBA usage (trained) 10 (5%)
No one attended delivery 30 (14%)
Attended by medical doctor 37 (17%)
Attended by nurse-midwife 29 (13%)
Facility-based delivery (FBD) Devkota and Bhatta (2011) [17] Facility-based delivery 8.5%
Giacaman et al. (2006) [33] Facility-based delivery 96.5%
Delivered in govt hospital 56.4%
Delivered in private hospital 28.3%
Karkee et al. (2013) [19] Facility-based delivery 85%
Postnatal care (PNC) Basaleem (2012) [30] Received any PNC 20%
Dhaher et al. (2008) [32] Received any PNC 36.6%
Dhakal et al. (2011) [18] Received any PNC 34%
Received any within 48 h of birth 19%
Received from a hospital 78%
Received from a trained physician 65%
Received from a nurse 20%
Received from another health-worker 16%
Newborn care Devkota and Bhatta (2011) [17] Breastfed within 1 h of delivery 7%
Najem and Al-Deen (2011) [28] Breastfed within 1 h of delivery 7%
Never breastfed 13.5%
Ulak et al. (2012) [23] Breastfed within 1 h of delivery 57%
Devkota and Bhatta (2011) [17] Did not seek health services for newborn complications 70.4%
Did not vaccinate newborn 35.2%