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Table 3 Exposure of pregnant women to medical devices containing PVC plasticizers during their hospital stay

From: Exposure of hospitalised pregnant women to plasticizers contained in medical devices

  Total
N = 168 (%)
Pathology group
n = 52 (%)
Pathology and delivery group
n = 23 (%)
Delivery group
n = 93 (%)
p-value
Exposure at least to one MD with PVC 151 (90) 35 (67%) 23 (100) 93 (100) -
Exposure at least to one MD with PVC according to the predominantly plasticizera
DEHP 0 0 0 0 -
DiNPb 124 (74) 25 (48) 21 (91) 78 (84) < 0.001
TOTMc 123 (73) 21 (40) 19 (83) 83 (89) < 0.001
DINCHd 6 (4) 6 (11.5) 0 0 -
  1. aData based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis; during their hospital stay, women could be exposed to different MDs containing various plasticizers
  2. bType of MD containing DiNP: simple infusion set
  3. cType of MDs containing TOTM: multi-access infusion set, epidural infusion set and extension tubes
  4. dType of MD containing DINCH: flow regulator; all women exposed to at least one MD containing DINCH had been admitted for pregnancy-related vomiting episodes
  5. Abbreviations: DEHP di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, DINCH di(isononyl)-cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxilic acid, DiNP di-(isononyl) phthalate, MD medical device, PVC polyvinyl chloride, TOTM tri-octyltrimellitate