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Table 3 Personality trait T scores of baseline responders on the Swedish universities Scales of Personality (n = 1294)

From: Neuroticism-related personality traits are associated with posttraumatic stress after abortion: findings from a Swedish multi-center cohort study

Variable Comparison group n = 899 PTSD at baseline n = 89   PTSS at baseline n = 306  
  M ± SD M ± SD p-value M ± SD p-value
Neuroticism factor
 Somatic Trait Anxiety 49.6 ± 9.5 63.1 ± 9.4a <0.001 54.8 ± 9.4 <0.001
 Psychic Trait Anxiety 47.9 ± 9.7 58.8 ± 9.8 a <0.001 52.1 ± 9.4 <0.001
 Stress Susceptibility 51.0 ± 10.7 62.4 ± 11.3 a <0.001 55.3 ± 11.1 <0.001
 Lack of Assertiveness 49.5 ± 9.7 53.3 ± 11.5 0.002 50.9 ± 10.4 ns
 Embitterment 51.1 ± 10.7 70.2 ± 12.7 a <0.001 58.4 ± 11.1 <0.001
 Mistrust 49.4 ± 11.6 64.3 ± 11.5 a <0.001 55.1 ± 12.1 <0.001
Aggressiveness factor
 Social Desirability (negative loading) 49.9 ± 10.1 47.8 ± 12.5 ns 49.1 ± 10.5 ns
 Trait Irritability 50.6 ± 11.4 58.6 ± 11.6 a <0.001 54.1 ± 10.9 <0.001
 Verbal Trait Aggression 51.3 ± 10.3 56.1 ± 11.0 <0.001 53.4 ± 10.5 ns
 Physical Trait Aggression 48.1 ± 10.6 53.8 ± 12.3 <0.001 50.8 ± 11.8 0.001
Extraversion factor
 Impulsiveness 51.9 ± 9.8 56.2 ± 11.6 <0.001 55.3 ± 10.4 <0.001
 Adventure Seeking 52.1 ± 9.1 53.0 ± 10.9 ns 53.7 ± 9.1 ns
 Detachment (negative loading) 47.6 ± 9.1 52.4 ± 9.9a <0.001 48.5 ± 9.8 ns
Neuroticism factor 299 ± 48 372 ± 46a <0.001 327 ± 47 <0.001
Aggressiveness factor 100 ± 33 121 ± 37 <0.001 109 ± 34 <0.001
Extraversion factor 56 ± 19 57 ± 23 ns 61 ± 20 ns
  1. One-way ANOVA with post hoc Tukey HSD test. M = Mean; SD = Standard Deviation. The α-level was adjusted with Bonferroni correction; α = 0.004 for the individual personality traits and α = 0.017 for the personality factors. Unless otherwise stated, p-values are for comparisons with the comparison group
  2. a p < 0.001–0.002 in comparison with women who had PTSS at baseline