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Table 2 Characteristics of the subjects according to diagnosis of periodontitis (female)

From: Effect of periodontitis on the development of osteoporosis: results from a nationwide population-based cohort study (2003–2013)

  Total Non-Diagnosed Diagnosed  
N % N % N % P-value
Total 4580 100 3817 83.3 763 16.7  
Age 30 ~ 39 672 14.7 560 83.3 112 16.7 1.0000
40 ~ 49 1926 42.1 1605 83.3 321 16.7  
50 ~ 59 1218 26.6 1015 83.3 203 16.7  
≥ 60 764 16.7 637 83.4 127 16.6  
Smoking Non-smoker 4442 97.0 3705 83.4 737 16.6 0.6548
Ex-smoker 12 0.3 9 75.0 3 25.0  
Smoker 126 2.8 103 81.7 23 18.3  
Alcohol None 3671 80.2 3025 82.4 646 17.6 0.0174
2 ~ 3/month 568 12.4 497 87.5 71 12.5  
1 ~ 2/week 251 5.5 218 86.9 33 13.1  
3 ~ 4/week 60 1.3 51 85.0 9 15.0  
≥ 5/week 30 0.7 26 86.7 4 13.3  
Physical activity None 2992 65.3 2526 84.4 466 15.6 0.0446
1 ~ 2/week 831 18.1 678 81.6 153 18.4  
3 ~ 4/week 374 8.2 307 82.1 67 17.9  
5 ~ 7/week 383 8.4 306 79.9 77 20.1  
BMI(kg/m2) < 18.5 142 3.1 120 84.5 22 15.5 0.8475
18.5 ~ 23 1922 42.0 1602 83.4 320 16.6  
23 ~ 27.5 2026 44.2 1693 83.6 333 16.4  
> 27.5 490 10.7 402 82.0 88 18.0  
CCI 0 2818 61.5 2370 84.1 448 15.9 0.074
1 1090 23.8 884 81.1 206 18.9  
≥ 2 672 14.7 563 83.8 109 16.2  
Hypertension NO 4099 89.5 3420 83.4 679 16.6 0.6168
YES 481 10.5 397 82.5 84 17.5  
Diabetes NO 4407 96.2 3683 83.6 724 16.4 0.0342
YES 173 3.8 134 77.5 39 22.5  
Osteoporosis NO 3858 84.2 3233 83.8 625 16.2 0.0538
YES 722 15.8 584 80.9 138 19.1  
  1. IW industrial worker, SE self-employer, BMI body mass index, CCI Charlson comorbidity index