Skip to main content

Table 4 Association between quality of life and stress, social connectedness, and working management style*

From: Stress, health and quality of life of female migrant domestic workers in Singapore: a cross-sectional study

  Do you feel stressed?   p-value t test
WHOQoL-Bref, mean (sd) No Yes     
 Overall QoL (20 missing) 4.1 (0.7) 3.6 (0.7)     <0.001
 Satisfaction with health (20 missing) 4.3 (0.7) 3.8 (0.9)     <0.001
 I Physical health (21 missing) 71.2 (12.0) 64.7 (11.4)     <0.001
 II Psychological health (21 missing) 71.7 (12.1) 64.7 (11.4)     <0.001
 III Social relationships (25 missing) 67.4 (13.0) 60.9 (14.7)     0.004
 IV Environment (22 missing) 71.6 (14.0) 61.6 (14.6)     <0.001
  Do you feel stressed?   p-value Chi-Square or t-test
Friendship Scale, n (%) (24 missing) No Yes     
 Very isolated/Isolated 7 (25.0%) 21 (75.0%)     0.001a
 Some isolation 17 (37.8%) 28 (62.2%)     
 Socially connected/Very connected 52 (61.2%) 33 (38.8%)     
 Mean score (sd) 20.0 (6.5) 17.6 (3.4)     <0.001
  Social connectedness   p-value ANOVA
WHOQoL-Bref, mean (sd) Very isolated Isolated Some isolation Socially connected Very connected  
 Overall QoL (5 missing) 3.6 (0.9) 3.5 (0.8) 3.7 (0.7) 4.0 (0.6) 4.1 (0.7) 0.002
 Satisfaction with health (6 missing) 3.6 (1.2) 3.8 (0.7) 4.0 (0.8) 4.0 (0.8) 4.2 (0.8) 0.156
 I Physical health (8 missing) 58.7 (11.0) 64.9 (14.0) 65.7 (11.6) 68.3 (11.3) 72.8 (11.0) 0.005
 II Psychological health (7 missing) 61.1 (10.8) 61.5 (12.9) 67.2 (9.1) 68.6 (11.9) 73.0 (13.7) 0.002
 III Social relationships (16 missing) 52.8 (18.6) 58.3 (13.0) 60.9 (15.3) 63.3 (13.5) 73.6 (10.6) <0.001
 IV Environment (8 missing) 53.8 (17.4) 58.2 (16.9) 62.5 (13.2) 68.1 (13.0) 75.4 (12.5) <0.001
  Agreement between experienced and preferred working management style   p-value t test
WHOQoL-Bref, mean (sd) No Yes     
 Overall QoL (13 missing) 3.7 (0.8) 3.9 (0.7)     0.026
 Satisfaction with health (13 missing) 3.8 (0.9) 4.1 (0.8)     0.027
 I Physical health (13 missing) 64.6 (12.9) 69.6 (11.4)     0.009
 II Psychological health (13 missing) 65.0 (12.7) 69.8 (11.5)     0.014
 III Social relationships (18 missing) 61.2 (15.7) 65.0 (14.1)     0.107
 IV Environment (14 missing) 61.4 (16.9) 69.1 (13.1)     0.001
  1. *Only significant associations are reported, p < 0.05
  2. aThe categories ‘Very isolated’ and ‘Isolated’ were summed up due to low frequencies; the categories ‘Socially connected’ and ‘Very connected’ were summed up due to low frequencies
  3. This table describes the association between quality of life and stress, social connectedness, and working management style