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Table 1 ALSWH young cohort socio-demographic characteristics, violence experiences and mental health by sexual identity

From: Mental health, sexual identity, and interpersonal violence: Findings from the Australian longitudinal Women’s health study

  Exclusively Heterosexual Mainly Heterosexual Bisexual Lesbian χ2 Test Statistic Cramer’s V
  (n = 8083) (n = 568) (n = 100) (n = 99)
  % % % %
Education
 Year 10 or less 9.9 10.3 20.6 5.2   
 Year 12 or equivalent 19.4 19.4 19.6 17.5   
 Trade/Diploma 26.7 24.8 26.8 25.8   
 University degree 34.2 34.6 25.8 44.3 (df = 12) .031*
 Graduate degree 10.7 10.9 7.2 7.2 χ2 = 21.0**  
Income (AUD)
 15,999 or less 1.9 2.4 6.8 4.3   
 16,000–36,999 4.8 6.2 13.6 8.6   
 37,000–51,999 11.5 12.1 13.6 12.9 (df = 9) .036*
 52,000 or greater 81.4 79.4 66.1 74.3 χ2 = 25.7**  
Relationship Status
 Single 32.6 50.0 58.0 62.6   
 Married 44.0 18.9 13.0 2.0   
 De facto 19.9 25.4 20.0 32.3 (df = 9) .098***
 Separated/Divorced 3.5 5.7 9.0 3.0 χ2 = 255.1***  
Parental Status  
 No children 67.2 73.8 72.0 93.9 (df = 3) .069***
 1 or more children 32.8 26.2 28.0 6.1 χ2 = 43.2***  
Residence  
 Urban 59.6 69.7 69.8 69.8 (df = 3) .046***
 Rural/Remote 40.4 30.3 30.2 30.2 χ2 = 29.6***  
Violence      (df = 9)  
 Physical abuse 11.50 24.10 29.00 22.20 χ2 = 110.0*** .111***
 Severe physical abuse 2.10 6.50 11.00 10.10 χ2 = 91.3*** .102***
 Emotional abuse 20.60 32.40 46.00 28.30 χ2 = 80.8*** .096***
 Sexual abuse 2.10 6.20 14.00 3.00 χ2 = 93.5*** .103***
 Harassment 9.70 19.50 25.00 21.20 χ2 = 88.2*** .100***
 Violent relationship 10.00 24.60 24.50 14.70 χ2 = 130.4*** .123***
  M (SE) M (SE) M (SE) M (SE) F-test  
Overall number of violent experiences .44 (.01)a .79 (.04) 1.20 (.09)b .89 (.09) F(4,7610) = 53.48***  
Mental Health  
 Perceived Stress .88 .50a 1.10 .62 1.34 .69 1.04 .54 F(3,7587) = 53.0**  
 Anxiety Symptoms 1.3 .68b 1.5 .86 1.7 .99 1.5 .87 F(3,7587) = 23.9***  
 CES-D 6.7 5.1 7.7 5.9 9.5 5.9c 7.7 5.9 F(3,7487) = 14.9***  
 Mental Health Index 71.0 16.7 66.5 18.9 64.1 18.4d 67.1 18.8 F(3,7585) = 17.5***  
 Life Satisfaction 3.3 .42e 3.1 .48 3.0 .51 3.2 .42 F(3,7585) = 33.6***  
  1. aExclusively heterosexual significantly lower than all other groups (η = .021). bExclusively heterosexual significantly lower thanall other groups (η = .014). cBisexual significantly higher than all other groups (η = .013). dBisexual significantly lower than exclusively heterosexual (η = .013). eExclusively heterosexual significantly higher than mainly heterosexual and bisexual (η = .013)
  2. *p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001