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Table 3 Mental health associations with types of violence and sexual identity, and number of violent experiences and sexual identity, controlling for education, income, and residence in multiple regression models

From: Mental health, sexual identity, and interpersonal violence: Findings from the Australian longitudinal Women’s health study

  Perceived Perceived Anxiety Anxiety    Mental health Mental health Life Life
  Stress Stress Symptoms Symptoms CES-D CES-D Index Index Satisfaction Satisfaction
  M1 M2 M3 M4 M5 M6 M7 M8 M9 M10
  Std β Std β Std β Std β Std β Std β Std β Std β Std β Std β
Type of Violence
 Physical abuse .08***   0.02   .07***   −.06***   −.05***  
 Severe physical abuse 0.02   0.02   .03*   −.03*   −0.01  
 Emotional violence .22***   .13***   .15***   −.17***   −.16***  
 Sexual violence .03**   .04***   0.02   −0.02   −.04**  
 Harassment .08***   .07***   .07***   −.05***   −.05***  
 In a violent relationship .06***   .05***   .03*   −.03*   −0.02  
Number of Violent Experiences   .324***   .194***   .251***   −.240***   −.223***
Sexual Identity
 Exclusively heterosexual Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent Referent
 Mainly heterosexual .06*** .06*** .06*** .06*** .03* .03* −.05*** −.05*** .06*** .06***
 Bisexual .06*** .06*** .04** .04*** 0.02 0.02 −0.02 −0.02 −.03* −.03*
 Lesbian .01 .01 .02 .01 .01 .01 −.01 −.01 −.01 −.01
  1. *p < .05. **p < .01. ***p < .001