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Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression on the association between couple level decision-making arrangement and wife’s current use of modern contraceptive controlling for FP exposure and socio-demographic factors

From: Couple’s concordance and discordance in household decision-making and married women’s use of modern contraceptives in Bangladesh

Variables Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
  OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI] OR [95% CI]
Who decides about making major household purchases? Agree (Jointly = ref)
 Agree - Wife only 1.09 [0.69–1.73] 1.08 [0.68–1.70] 1.05 [0.67–1.66] 0.96 [0.60–1.54]
 Agree - Husband only 0.96 [0.67–1.39] 1.10 [0.74–1.63] 1.11 [0.75–1.64] 1.09 [0.73–1.64]
 Agree – Other 0.87 [0.57–1.32] 0.91 [0.60–1.38] 0.88 [0.58–1.33] 1.07 [0.67–1.72]
 Disagree 1.13 [0.87–1.46] 1.17 [0.87–1.56] 1.17 [0.88–1.56] 1.15 [0.85–1.56]
Who decides about making daily household purchases? Agree (Jointly = ref)
 Agree - Wife only 2.16 [0.74–6.31] 2.47 [0.64–9.54] 2.62 [0.67–10.26] 2.53 [0.67–9.49]
 Agree - Husband only 1.01 [0.71–1.43] 1.08 [0.75–1.56] 1.10 [0.76–1.59] 1.12 [0.76–1.65]
 Agree – Other 0.86 [0.53–1.39] 0.68 [0.42–1.08] 0.70 [0.44–1.11] 0.88 [0.51–1.52]
 Disagree 1.13 [0.91–1.39] 1.16 [0.91–1.47] 1.18 [0.92–1.50] 1.20 [0.94–1.55]
Who decides about visits to your family or relatives? Agree (Jointly = ref)
 Agree - Wife only 0.71 [0.45–1.13] 0.82 [0.52–1.28] 0.82 [0.52–1.29] 0.81 [0.52–1.26]
 Agree - Husband only 0.49** [0.28–0.85] 0.61* [0.35–1.05] 0.61* [0.35–1.05] 0.62* [0.36–1.07]
 Agree – Other 0.56 [0.27–1.14] 0.76 [0.37–1.57] 0.75 [0.36–1.58] 0.62 [0.28–1.37]
 Disagree 0.61*** [0.51–0.74] 0.70*** [0.58–0.86] 0.70*** [0.57–0.86] 0.84 [0.68–1.04]
Husband-wife communication about FP in last 3 months (Never = ref)
 Once or twice    4.66*** [3.84–5.66] 4.62*** [3.81–5.60] 4.38*** [3.57–5.38]
 More often    4.22*** [3.05–5.83] 4.17*** [3.02–5.77] 4.13*** [2.90–5.87]
Exposure to FP information(No = ref)
 Heard FP on radio      0.77* [0.59–1.01] 0.86 [0.64–1.15]
 Heard FP on TV      1.24** [1.00–1.53] 1.18 [0.94–1.48]
Wife’s age        0.98*** [0.96–0.99]
Parity (0 = ref)
 1–2        6.56*** [4.64–9.26]
  ≥ 3        9.05*** [6.06–13.50]
Urban residence (Rural = ref)        1.11 [0.88–1.41]
Other religion (Muslim = ref)        1.03 [0.66–1.60]
Wife’s education (No education = ref)
 Primary        1.06 [0.83–1.35]
 Secondary or above        1.05 [0.81–1.37]
Wife’s employment (No = ref)        1.31** [1.06–1.61]
Household economic status (Poorest = ref)
 Poorer        1.04 [0.75–1.44]
 Middle        0.99 [0.74–1.33]
 Richer        1.20 [0.84–1.73]
 Richest        1.36 [0.93–1.99]
  1. Significance level: ***p < 0.01, **p < 0.05, *p < 0.10