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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of women sex workers in Vancouver, Canada, 2010–2013 (n=692), stratified by mental health diagnoses

From: Burden and correlates of mental health diagnoses among sex workers in an urban setting

Characteristic Total (n=692)
n (%)
Yes MH (n=338)
n (%)
No MH (n=354)
n (%)
p-value
Individual Biological and Behavioural Factors
 Age (median, IQR) 34 (28 – 42) 34 (28 – 42) 35 (28 – 41) 0.434
 Indigenous ancestry 251 (36.3) 152 (45.0) 99 (28.0) <0.001
 Sexual/gender minoritya 177 (25.6) 128 (37.9) 49 (13.8) <0.001
 Injection drug useb 277 (40.0) 173 (51.2) 104 (29.4) <0.001
 Non-injection drug useb 480 (69.4) 288 (85.2) 192 (54.2) <0.001
 High school attainment or greater 361 (52.2) 155 (45.9) 206 (58.2) 0.001
 HIV positive 78 (11.3) 41 (12.1) 37 (10.5) 0.485
 STI positive 77 (11.1) 37 (11.0) 40 (11.3) 0.883
Partner/Interpersonal Risks
 Injection use by partnerb 69 (10.0) 49 (14.5) 20 (5.7) <0.001
 Non-injection use by partnerb 242 (35.0) 143 (42.3) 99 (28.0) <0.001
 Inconsistent condom use by clientsb 124 (17.9) 86 (25.4) 38 (10.7) <0.001
 Having sex while highb 425 (61.4) 257 (76.0) 168 (47.5) <0.001
 Exchanging sex for drugsb 208 (30.1) 130 (38.5) 78 (22.0) <0.001
 Physical/sexual violence by intimate partnerb 147 (21.2) 90 (26.6) 57 (16.1) 0.001
 Physical/sexual violence by clientsb 162 (23.4) 109 (32.3) 53 (15.0) <0.001
Structural Determinants
 Recent homelessnessb 213 (30.8) 128 (37.9) 85 (24.0) <0.001
 Childhood traumac 493 (71.2) 294 (87.0) 199 (56.2) <0.001
 Police harassmentb 277 (40.0) 159 (47.0) 118 (33.3) <0.001
 Primary place of serviceb
  Formal indoor establishment/brothel 207 (29.9) 48 (14.2) 159 (44.9)  
  Outdoor/public space 307 (44.4) 180 (53.3) 127 (35.9) <0.001
  Informal indoor establishment 178 (25.7) 110 (32.5) 68 (19.2) <0.001
  1. aDefined as ‘yes’ to any of ‘gay’, ‘lesbian’, ‘bisexual’, ‘transgender’, ‘transsexual’, ‘two-spirited’, ‘other’
  2. bIn the last six months
  3. cPhysical or sexual assault before age 18
  4. MH – mental health; p-value reported for bivariate correlation between MH yes and variable, p<0.05 for inclusion in multivariate model