Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Factors associated with missing at least one day of school due to menstruation in the past month

From: Menstrual health and school absenteeism among adolescent girls in Uganda (MENISCUS): a feasibility study

  N Number missing at least one day of school due to menstruation (%)a Adjusted odds ratio (95%CI)
Total 351 69 (19.8%)  
Age    P-value for trend < 0.001
 13–14 58 5 (8.6%) 1
 15 102 15 (14.7%) 1.88 (0.64–5.56)
 16 117 27 (23.1%) 3.04 (1.07–8.60)
 17–18 71 22 (31.0%) 4.72 (1.56–14.25)
Ethnicity    P = 0.01
 Mugandan 155 20 (12.9%) 1
 Non-Mugandan 166 41 (24.7%) 2.26 (1.23–4.15)
 Non-Ugandan 25 7 (28.0%) 2.97 (1.00–8.75)
Times changed absorbent per 24 h during last periodb P = 0.03
  < =3 times 277 50 (18.1%) 1
  > =4 timesc 62 18 (29.0%) 2.08 (1.06–4.10)
Use disposable pads for each day of period2 P = 0.22
 No 79 21 (26.6%) 1
 Yes 262 48 (18.3%) 0.68 (0.36–1.26)
Amount of blood lost on heaviest day of period2  
 Little 40 3 (7.5%) 0.36 (0.10–1.28)
 Average 213 34 (16.0%) 1
 Very much 89 30 (33.7%) 2.45 (1.34–4.48)
Symptoms during last period
Headacheb    P = 0.01
 No 206 31 (15.1%) 1
 Yes 132 35 (26.5%) 2.15 (1.20–3.86)
Stomach pain b    P = 0.10
 No 83 10 (12.1%) 1
 Yes 260 58 (22.3%) 1.89 (0.89–4.04)
Back painb    P = 0.06
 No 174 24 (13.8%) 1
 Yes 163 43 (26.4%) 1.75 (0.97–3.14)
  1. aExcluding 3 girls with missing outcome data
  2. bAdjusted for age, ethnicity and school
  3. cThe recommended number of changes would be 5 (one every 4 h during the day, plus one at night) but as only 6% of girls changed this frequently we used a cutoff of 4 or more changes in 24 h