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Table 3 Bivariate analysis result showing association between socio-demographic, individual behavior factors and pregnancy under the age 20

From: Does women’s caste make a significant contribution to adolescent pregnancy in Nepal? A study of Dalit and non-Dalit adolescents and young adults in Rupandehi district

Factors Pregnancy < 20 years OR 95% CI P - Value
n %
Caste/Ethnicity 313 68.9    
 Dalit (Ref) 166 72.5    
 Brahmin/Chhetri 32 45.1 0.311 0.18–0.54 0.000
 Jana Jaati 84 77.1 1.275 0.75–2.17 0.371
 Madhesi/Muslim 31 68.9 0.840 0.42–1. 68 0.624
Place of Residence 313 68.9    
 Urban 58 70.7 1.109 0.66–1.87 0.699
 Rural (Ref) 225 68.5    
Education 313 68.9    
 Primary (Ref) 113 83.7    
 Secondary 160 60.4 0.297 0.18–0.50 0.000
 Illiterate 40 74.1 0.556 0.26–1.19 0.131
Occupation 313 68.9    
 Unemployed (Ref) 267 68.3    
 Others (Farmer/Labor/Business) 46 73 1.257 0.69–2.28 0.452
Age @ Marriage 310 68.7    
 09–16 years (Ref) 151 97.4    
 17 years and above 159 53.9 0.031 0.01–0.09 0.000
Family Type 313 68.9    
 Nuclear (Ref) 61 72.6    
 Joint/Extended 252 68.1 0.805 0.48–1.36 0.420
Husband’s Education 310 68.7    
 Primary or less/Illiterate (Ref) 113 77.4    
 Secondary+ 197 64.6 0.533 0.34–0.84 0.006
Husband’s Occupation 310 68.7    
 Farmer/Labor/Unemployed (Ref) 146 77.2    
 Employed/Business 164 62.6 0.493 0.32–0.75 0.001
Wealth Index (Family) 313 68.9    
 Lowest wealth group 73 72.3 1.752 0.98–3.14 0.059
 Middle wealth group 176 71.5 1.689 1.05–2.72 0.031
 Highest wealth group (Ref) 64 55.8    
Type of Marriage 311 68.8    
 Love/Self 120 70.6 1.143 0.76–1.73 0.525
 Arrange (Ref) 191 67.7    
Age @ First sex 313 68.9    
 11–16 years 132 95.7 0.061 0.03–0.14 0.000
 17 years and above (Ref) 181 57.3    
Attending Fairs/Clubs 313 68.9    
 No (Ref)      
 Yes 227 65.2 0.436 0.26–0.74 0.002
Goes to movie 257     
 No (Ref)      
 Yes 171 66.5 0.770 0.51–1.16 0.206
Drinks Alcohol 27     
 No (Ref)      
 Yes 25 92.6 6.033 1.41–25.83 0.015