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Table 1 Respondents’ demographic, health and spousal violence profile, Nigeria, 2008–2013

From: Is the likelihood of spousal violence lower or higher among childless women? Evidence from Nigeria demographic and health surveys

Characteristic Frequency (n = 8664) Percentage Characteristic Frequency (n = 8664) Percentage
Parity Household characteristic:
 Childless 239 2.8 Type of marriage
 Only one child 250 2.9  Monogamy 5455 63.0
 Two or more children 8175 94.3  Polygyny 3209 37.0
Maternal age (years) Partner alcoholic consumption
 35–39 3416 39.4  Does not drink 6946 80.2
 40–44 2725 31.5  Drinks 1718 19.8
 45–49 2523 29.1 Household wealth
Maternal education  Poorest 1934 22.3
 None 4349 50.2  Poorer 1683 19.4
 Primary 1932 22.3  Middle 1631 18.8
 Secondary 1654 19.1  Richer 1607 18.6
 Higher 729 8.4  Richest 1809 20.9
Pregnancy termination Family power relation
 Ever experienced 1428 16.5  Not male dominated 3318 38.3
 Never experienced 7236 83.5  Male dominated 5346 61.7
Age at first marriage Community characteristic: Attitude to wife-battery (Proportion justified wife-battery)
 Less than 15 years 2316 26.7
 15–19 years 3335 38.5
 20–24 years 1794 20.7  Low 4453 51.4
 25 years or older 1219 14.1  High 4211 48.6
Spousal physical violence Family-of-origin violence: (Proportion witnessed interparental violence)
 Never experienced 7825 90.3
 Ever experienced 839 9.7  Low 4522 52.2
Spousal sexual violence  High 4142 47.8
 Never experienced 8435 97.4 Community residence type
 Ever experienced 229 2.6  Urban 3328 38.4
Spousal emotional violence  Rural 5336 61.6
 Never experienced 7142 82.4 Geographic region
 Ever experienced 1522 17.6  North-central 1157 13.4
Spousal violence (at least one type)  North-east 1220 14.1
 Never experienced 6804 78.5  North-west 2906 33.5
 Ever experienced 1860 21.5  South-east 1023 11.8
     South-south 916 10.6
     South-west 1442 16.6
Total 8664 100.0 Total 8664 100.0
  1. Source: Authors’ analysis based on 2008 and 2013 pooled data from Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey