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Table 4 Random-effects of multilevel logistic regression showing community-level influence on the likelihood of spousal violence

From: Is the likelihood of spousal violence lower or higher among childless women? Evidence from Nigeria demographic and health surveys

Parameter Empty Model Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Community-level variance 0.596 0.593 0.555 0.477 0.412
Log-likelihood −4487.5 −4483.9 −4434.4 −4358.6 −4193.1
LR test LR χ2 = 206.8; p < 0.001 LR χ2 = 205.2; p < 0.001 LR χ2 = 180.5; p < 0.001 LR χ2 = 133.6; p < 0.001 LR χ2 = 96.3; p < 0.001
ICC (%) 15.3% 15.3% 14.4% 12.7% 11.1%
AIC 8980.9 8977.8 8896.8 8743.2 8444.1