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Table 2 Distribution of selected socio-economic, demographic, reproductive health and obstetric characteristics of women with and without maternal near-miss in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Distant and proximate factors associated with maternal near-miss: a nested case-control study in selected public hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  Near-miss (n = 216) Controls (n = 648) COR (95% CI) P-value
Characteristics n (%) n (%)   
Educational level
 Illiterate 61 (30.0) 75 (11.7) 3.28 (1.85–5.84) < 0.0001
 Primary 63 (31.0) 214 (33.4) 1.23 (0.70–2.15) 0.470
 Secondary 57 (28.1 256 (39.9) 0.91 (0.52–1.57) 0.724
 Higher 22 (10.8) 96 (15) 1.00  
Place of residency
 Urban 159 (73.6) 634 (97.8) 1.00  
 Rural 57 (26.4) 14 (2.2) 13.0 (7.12–23.8) < 0.0001
Marital status     0.01
 Married 200 (92.6) 627 (96.8) 1.00  
 Never married 16 (7.4) 21 (3.2) 2.38 (1.22–4.65) 0.011
Monthly income
  > 68 USD 81 (37.5) 111 (17.1) 2.19 (1.43–3.34) < 0.0001
 68–181 USD 74 (34.3) 370 (57.1) 0.54 (0.36–0.79) 0.002
  > 181 USD 61 (28.2) 167 (25.8) 1.00  
Received ANC     
 Yes 183 (84.7) 638 (98.5) 1.00  
 No 33 (15.3) 10 (1.5) 10.8 (5.16–22.6) < 0.0001
Number of children
 0–2 171 (79.2) 527 (81.3) 0.99 (0.63–1.56) 0.985
 3–4 34 (15.7) 110 (17) 1.00  
  > 5 11 (5.1) 11 (1.7) 3.53 (1.34–9.27) 0.010
Undergone FGC
 Yes 135 (64.6) 383 (59.6) 0.89 (0.59–1.33) 0.225
 No 74 (35.4) 260 (40.4) 1.00  
History of stillbirth
 Yes 21 (9.7) 21 (3.2) 3.45 (1.79–6.68) < 0.0001
 No 195 (90.3) 627 (96.8) 1.00  
Early marriage
 Yes 43 (21.5) 90 (14.5) 1.97 (1.21–3.19) 0.006
 No 157 (78.5) 532 (85.5) 1.00  
  1. Bold data are those which are significant and their significance is indicated by the P-values expressed at the right end of each ORs