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Table 2 Distribution of mean postpartum bonding questionnaire subscale scores by type of traumatic event (N = 28)

From: Traumatic events: exploring associations with maternal depression, infant bonding, and oxytocin in Latina mothers

Variable Childhood Traumatic Events Adulthood Traumatic Events Traumatic Events Involving an Infant Lifetime Traumatic Events
Yes (n = 14) No (n = 14) Yes (n = 7) No (n = 21) Yes (n = 4) No (n = 24) Yes (n = 5) No (n = 23)
Impaired Bonding
 4 weeks postpartum 3.71 (6.47) 2.57 (1.56) 1.43 (0.98) 3.71 (5.26) 9.25 (10.69) 2.12 (1.73) 7.60 (9.97) 2.17 (1.75)
 8 weeks postpartum 5.71 (4.84) 4.14 (1.96) 4.86 (3.44) 4.95 (3.88) 9.25 (4.99)* 4.21 (3.02) 7.40 (5.98) 4.39 (2.95)
Rejection and Anger
 4 weeks postpartum 0.14 (0.54) 1.21 (2.39) 0.14 (0.38) 0.86 (2.03) 3.25 (3.95) 0.25 (0.61) 2.80 (3.56)* 0.22 (0.60)
 8 weeks postpartum 2.07 (3.25) 0.79 (1.37) 0.14 (0.38)* 1.86 (2.80) 3.00 (5.35) 1.17 (1.81) 2.20 (4.92) 1.26 (1.82)
Anxiety about Care
 4 weeks postpartum 1.64 (2.37) 0.86 (1.70) 0.29 (0.76) 1.57 (2.27) 4.50 (3.42)* 0.71 (1.16) 2.80 (3.35) 0.91 (1.59)
 8 weeks postpartum 1.71 (1.90) 1.14 (1.79) 0.00 (0.00)* 1.90 (1.90) 2.75 (2.50) 1.21 (1.67) 1.60 (2.61) 1.39 (1.70)
  1. Note. Standard Deviations shown in parentheses
  2. *p < .05