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Table 4 Management of menstrual pain by respondents

From: Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among University students in Northern Ghana; its impact and management strategies

Variable Subgroup Number of respondents Percentage
Ever taken pain to hospital? Yes 40 16.3
No 197 80.4
How did you manage your pain in the last three months (n = 144 for those who attempted to manage the pain) Did nothing (n = 245) 101 41.2
Consulted a physician 11 7.6
Took a bed rest 76 52.8
Took orthodox medication 66 45.8
Took herbal preparation 5 3.5
Used a heat pad 12 8.3
Exercised 21 14.6
If you took medication, were they prescribed? (n = 66) Yes 8 12.1
No 58 78.9
Source of self-medicated drugs Community pharmacy 25 43.1
Over-the-counter medicine sellers’ shop 24 41.4
Friends and relatives 6 10.3
Others 2 3.4
Always got relieved after self-medicating. Strongly agree 18 31.0
Agree 32 55.2
Uncertain 3 8.6
Disagree 5 5.2