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Table 5 Relationship between bio-data, menstrual characteristics, attitudes and severity of the dysmenorrhea

From: Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among University students in Northern Ghana; its impact and management strategies

Variable Subgroup Severity of dysmenorrhea χ2 (df) p-value
Mild Moderate Severe
Age of respondents <  20 7 (13.5) 19 (13.8) 6 (10.9) 3.104 (4) 0.540
20–25 36 (69.2) 104 (75.4) 45 (81.8)
>  25 9 (17.3) 15 (10.9) 4 (7.3)
Age of menarche <  13 13 (25.0) 43 (31.2) 18 (32.7) 3.258 (4) 0.516
13–15 26 (50.0) 75 (54.3) 28 (50.9)
> 15 13 (25.0) 20 (14.5) 9 (16.4)
Gynecological age (years) < 5 4 (7.7) 5 (3.6) 3 (5.5) 1.996 (4) 0.737
5–10 37 (71.2) 109 (79.0) 41 (74.5)
> 10 11 (21.2) 24 (17.4) 11 (20.0)
Menses duration < 3 days 1 (2.0) 3 (2.2) 2 (3.8) 7.222 (4) 0.125
3–5 days 41 (80.4) 112 (83.6) 35 (66.0)
> 5 days 9 (17.6) 19 (14.2) 16 (30.2)
Menstrual pattern Regular 47 (90.4) 96 (72.7) 35 (63.6) 10.54 (2) 0.005a
Irregular 5 (9.6) 36 (27.3) 20 (36.4)
Level of menstrual flow Light 2 (3.8) 2 (1.5) 1 (1.8) 9.005 (6) 0.173
Moderate 47 (90.4) 119 (86.9) 41 (74.5)
Heavy 3 (5.8) 16 (11.7) 13 (23.6)
Visited hospital due to the pain Yes 3 (6.0) 8 (6.1) 29 (52.7) 65.61 (2) < 0.0001a
No 47 (94.0) 124 (93.3) 26 (47.3)
Practised self- medication? Yes 5 (10.0) 30 (22.1) 31 (56.4) 32.77 (2) < 0.0001a
No 45 (90.0) 106 (77.9) 24 (43.6)
  1. astatistically significant