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Table 3 Independent association of maternal mental distress with child loss and other factors, Gamo Gofa, Ethiopia, 2014

From: The relationship between under-five child death and maternal mental distress in Gamo Gofa Zone, Southern Ethiopia: a community based comparative cross-sectional study

Characteristics Categories COR 95% CI AORa 95% CI
Exposure status Un-exposed (mother with alive child) Ref    Ref   
Exposed (mother whose child is died) 1.61 1.15 2.25 1.84 1.11 3.04
Age of mother at birth   1.02 0.99 1.06 1.02 0.96 1.08
 Ethnicity Gamo Ref    Ref   
Zeyse 0.50 0.10 2.46 0.34 0.03 3.71
Wolayta 2.22 0.72 6.88 3.28 0.92 11.70
Others 0.98 0.31 3.95 0.88 0.27 2.87
 Maternal education No formal education Ref    Ref   
Grade1–6 1.16 0.67 1.99 2.00 1.01 3.97
Grade7–8 0.94 0.43 2.06 2.17 0.88 5.36
Above Grade9 0.70 0.32 1.53 1.86 0.66 5.30
 Marital status Married Ref    Ref   
Single 0.85 0.26 2.79 0.50 0.09 2.61
Other 1.15 0.47 2.81 1.17 0.36 3.82
 Mother Occupation House wife Ref    Ref   
Farmer 0.49 0.21 1.15 0.68 0.26 1.73
Gov’t employee 0.37 0.04 3.14 0.56 0.08 3.73
Merchant 0.97 0.48 1.94 1.00 0.43 2.33
Others 1.82 0.70 4.70 1.41 0.51 3.89
 Wealth index Poor Ref    Ref   
Average 0.47 0.26 0.84 0.41 0.21 0.79
Rich 0.39 0.20 0.77 0.31 0.14 0.67
 Maternal Power Poor Ref    Ref   
Average 0.76 0.46 1.26 0.62 0.32 1.19
Good 1.19 0.71 2.01 1.45 0.76 2.79
 Ever beaten by her husband Yes Ref    Ref   
No 0.98 0.53 1.82 1.08 0.49 2.40
 Mother has any medical illness Yes Ref    Ref   
No 0.42 0.23 0.76 0.36 0.18 0.73
 Place of seeking health care Traditional Ref    Ref   
Modern health service 0.43 0.22 0.85 0.43 0.20 0.94
 Pregnant during survey Yes Ref    Ref   
No 0.75 0.38 1.47 0.65 0.32 1.34
Unsure 0.80 0.18 3.60 0.41 0.10 1.63
How many child has   1.02 0.93 1.12 1.09 0.93 1.28
 Place of delivery Home Ref    Ref   
Health post 0.98 0.36 2.63 0.52 0.17 1.61
Higher health facility 0.87 0.47 1.60 0.58 0.25 1.37
 Had Post-natal care during pregnancy of index child Yes Ref    Ref   
No 1.00 0.58 1.73 0.54 0.25 1.18
 Had ANC follow up during pregnancy of index child Yes Ref    Ref   
No 1.81 1.01 3.24 2.55 1.25 5.18
 Ever had child loss (including abortion & stillbirth) other than index child Yes Ref    Ref   
No 0.54 0.34 0.87 0.60 0.33 1.08
 Had live birth after index child Yes Ref    Ref   
No 0.87 0.57 1.33 1.03 0.61 1.76
  1. aAdjusted for all variables in the table & bold/italicized values are statistically significant values at 0.05