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Table 4 Behavioural and health outcome indicators in women of reproductive age, 2011 and 2015, Trident copper mining project, Northwestern province, Zambia

From: Selected indicators and determinants of women’s health in the vicinity of a copper mine development in northwestern Zambia

Indicator n* Delivery at a health facility (%; 95% CI) Anaemia (%; 95% CI) Syphilis in women aged 15–49 years (%; 95% CI)*
  2011 2015 2011 2015 2011 2015 2011 2015
Education
 No education 100 345 49.0 (38.8–59.1) 75.3 (70.4–79.8) ɸ 19.6 (12.7–28.2) 27.5 (22.8–32.5) n/a 4.9 (2.8–7.9)
 Primary school 186 207 73.6 (66.7–79.8) 85.0 (79.4–89.5) 17.1 (12.2–23.0) 24.1 (18.4–30.5) n/a 1.6 (0.3–4.7)
 Secondary or higher 0 54 n/a 94.4 (84.6–98.8) n/a 16.6 (7.9–29.2) n/a 6.0 (1.3–16.5)
FQML or contractor employment within the HH
 No n/a 422 n/a 77.9 (73.6–81.8) n/a 27.4 (23.2–32.0) n/a 4.4 (2.6–7.0)
 Yes n/a 184 n/a 85.8 (79.9–90.5) n/a 20.6 (15.0–27.2) n/a 2.9 (0.9–6.5)
Resettlement
 No n/a 527 n/a 81.5 (78.0–84.8) n/a 25.9 (22.3–29.9) n/a 3.7 (2.2–5.8)
 Yes n/a 79 n/a 72.1 (60.9–81.6) n/a 21.5 (13.0–32.2) n/a 5.3 (1.5–13.0)
Migration background
 No n/a 447 n/a 76.7 (72.5–80.5) n/a 25.5 (21.5–29.8) n/a 4.2 (2.4–6.6)
 Yes n/a 159 n/a 90.5 (84.9–94.6) n/a 25.1 (18.6–32.6) n/a 3.3 (1.1–7.6)
Asset-based wealth index
 Poorest n/a 167 n/a 71.8 (64.3–78.5) n/a 28.7 (22.0–36.2) n/a 5.4 (2.4–10.3)
 Second n/a 132 n/a 78.0 (69.9–84.7) n/a 21.2 (14.5–29.1) n/a 4.8 (1.8–10.1)
 Third n/a 152 n/a 84.8 (78.1–90.1) n/a 26.3 (19.5–34.0) n/a 2.9 (0.8–7.2)
 Richest n/a 155 n/a 87.0 (80.7–91.9) n/a 24.5 (17.9–32.0) n/a 2.7 (0.7–6.8)
Health facility within the community
 No 67 107 61.1 (48.5–72.8) 76.6 (67.4–84.2) 14.2 (7.4–24.1) 27.1 (18.9–36.5) n/a 6.7 (2.7–13.2)
 Yes 219 499 66.2 (59.5–72.4) 81.1 (77.4–84.5) ɸ 19.2 (14.4–24.8) 25.0 (21.3–29.0) n/a 3.3 (1.9–5.4)
Impact
 Impacted 255 421 66.6 (60.5–72.4) 83.3 (79.4–86.8) ɸ 17.1 (12.9–22.0) 25.1 (21.1–29.6) n/a 4.3 (2.5–6.8)
 Comparison 31 185 51.6 (33.0–69.8) 73.5 (66.5–79.7) 25.8 (11.8–44.6) 25.9 (19.7–32.8) n/a 3.1 (1.0–7.0)
Total 286 606 65.0 (59.1–70.5) 80.3 (76.9–83.4) ɸ 21.2 (16.8–26.1) 25.4 (21.9–29.0) n/a 3.9 (2.5–5.9)
  1. FQML, First Quantum Minerals Limited; HH, household; n/a, not available
  2. *Denominators differ for syphilis as not all women were tested
  3. ɸSignificant difference between 2011 and 2015
  4. Significant difference between population sub-groups in 2015