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Table 2 Difference between dietary intake and health literacy groups at WL intervention and WL maintenance phase among participants (n=209)

From: Improvement of health literacy and intervention measurements among low socio-economic status women: findings from the MyBFF@home study

  Intervention Control
Intervention measurements Mean change ± SD   Mean change ± SD  
With HL improvement Without HL improvement p value With HL improvement Without HL improvement p value
Calories intake (kcal)
 WL intervention 459 ±508 156 ±445 0.004* 133 ±434 166 ±477 0.755
 WL maintenance 36 ±354 -12 ±312 0.550 238 ±492 38 ±319 0.145
Protein intake (g)
 WL intervention 15.4 ±21.8 5.7 ±20.8 0.040* 4.3 ±16.0 7.1 ±21.6 0.537
 WL maintenance 0 ±16.2 2.0 ±13.8 0.587 3.1 ±20.5 -0.5 ±18.1 0.450
Carbohydrate intake (g)
 WL intervention 56.9 ±67.1 13.5 ±73.4 0.007* 11.5 ±75.7 16.4 ±73.2 0.773
 WL maintenance 8.1 ±54.4 -5.2 ±47.0 0.273 49.1 ±78.0 4.3 ±50.5 0.005
Total fat intake (g)
 WL intervention 17.2 ±23.8 7.0 ±19.5 0.030* 6.7 ±18.1 5.4 ±19.1 0.754
 WL maintenance 1.2 ±14.6 1.4 ±13.7 0.946 3.2 ±19.1 4.1 ±16.2 0.843
Dietary fiber intake (g)
 WL intervention 2.2 ±5.1 0.3 ±3.5 0.041* 0.4 ±3.6 0.6 ±3.7 0.742
 WL maintenance -0.16 ±2.4 -1.2 ±3.5 0.193 1.5 ±3.9 0 ±2.6 0.064
Cholesterol intake (mg)
 WL intervention 56.0 ±202 23.9 ±112.7 0.415 16.3 ±148.7 17.0 ±167.3 0.983
 WL maintenance 4.0 ±141.2 3.7 ±83.5 0.990 -13.9 ±130.4 0.9 ±126.7 0.647
Sodium intake (mg)
 WL intervention 444.0 ±974.0 27.5 ±794.5 0.029* -66.3 ±1077.4 90.5 ±936.3 0.492
 WL maintenance -85.1 ±665.2 -4.3 ±690.0 0.627 293.6 ±784.5 -18.0 ±636.6 0.077
Vitamin C intake (mg)
 WL intervention 15.4 ±59.0 5.9 ±81.8 0.568 3.0 ±71.9 24.0 ±70.3 0.201
 WL maintenance -20.2 ±64.3 -24.0 ±77.2 0.833 31.5 ±72.3 -2.4 ±54.7 0.205
Calcium intake (mg)
 WL intervention 115.1 ±242.3 -3.9 ±230.8 0.023* 38.5 ±214.6 102.6 ±336.0 0.350
 WL maintenance 37.6 ±194.0 21.3 ±186.5 0.723 54.0 ±162.2 11.5 ±221.0 0.404
Iron intake (mg)           
 WL intervention 4.8 ±7.6 2.6 ±6.3 0.138 3.0 ±6.5 1.9 ±6.6 0.477
 WL maintenance -0.7 ±4.0 -0.5 ±3.4 0.166 0.1 ±5.0 -0.4 ±5.1 0.689