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Table 1 Prevalence of vulvovaginal candidiasis (culture positive) by selected characteristics in relation to demographic and sexual and reproductive health (210)

From: Vulvovaginal candidiasis: species distribution of Candida and their antifungal susceptibility pattern

Characteristics Number Candidiasis COR 95%Cl P-value AOR 95%Cl P-value
Yes No
Age in years
 15–24 54(25.7) 19(35.1) 34(62.9) 1    1   
 25–44 116(55.2) 52(44.8) 65(56) 0.490 0.244–0.986 0.046 0.668 0.297–1.503 0.330
 45–64 40(19) 16(40) 24(60) 0.348 0.147–0.822 0.016 0.479 0.177–1.299 0.148
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
Marital status
 Un married 65(30.9) 27(41.5) 38(58.4) 1      
 Married 107(50,9) 40(37.4) 67(62.6) 1.190 0.634–2.234 0.588    
 Divorced 38(18) 20(52.6) 18(47.4) 0.639 0.286–1.431 0.277    
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
Education
 Illiterate 47(22.3) 26(55.3) 21(44.7) 0.452 0.189–1.081 0.074 0.297 0.106–2.831 0.021
 Primary school 59(28) 22(37.3) 37(62.7) 0.942 0.406–2.183 0.889 1.096 0.407–2.950 0.857
 Secondary school 65(30.9) 25(38.5) 40(61.5) 0.896 0.393–2.041 0.794 1.313 0.521–3.305 0.563
 College 39(18.6) 14(35.8) 25(64.1) 1    1   
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
Number of life time male sex partner
 1–3 136(64.7) 48(35.2) 88(64.7) 1    1   
  ≥ 4 74(35.2) 39(52.7) 35(47.2) 2.043 1.148–3.635 0.015 0.469 0.230–0.956 0.037
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
Number of male sex partner in 12 month
 0 28(13.3) 3(10.7) 25(89.2) 1    1   
 1–2 129(61.4) 59(45.7) 70(54.2) 7.024 2.019–24.433 0.002 16.784 4.043–69.684 0.001
  ≥ 3 53(25.2) 25(47.1) 28(52.8) 7.440 2.001–27.669 0.003 14.988 3.454–65.030 0.001
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
History of abortion
 Yes 52(24.7) 21(40.3) 31(59.6) 1.059 0.560–2.004 0.860    
 No 158(75.2) 66(41.7) 92(58.2) 1      
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
Previous BV/GTI
 Yes 95(45.2) 50(52.6) 45(47.3) 0.427 0.243–0.749 0.003 0.368 0.187–1.724 0.004
 No 115(54.7) 37(32.1) 78(67.8) 1    1   
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
Vaginal bathing /day
 1–3 128(60.9) 54(42.1) 74(57.8) 1      
  ≥ 4 82(39) 33(40.2) 49(59.7) 1.084 0.617–1.904 0.780    
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)       
No of pants used in a day
 1–2 Pant for one day 92(43.8) 31(33.6) 61(66.3) 1    1   
 One pant for 2–4 day 118(56) 56(47.4) 62(52.5) 0.563 0.320–0.988 0.045 0.507 0.245–1.013 0.045
 Total 210(100) 87(41.4) 123(58.5)