Skip to main content

Table 2 Unadjusted an adjusted multivariable associations between IPV and risk factors

From: Domestic and intimate partner violence among pregnant women in a low resource setting in South Africa: a facility-based, mixed methods study

  OR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI)
Parity: Nulliparous 1  
 Primiparous 0.75(0.38–1.46)  
 Secundiparous 0.52(0.22–1.59)  
 Multiparous 0.83 (0.33–2.11)  
Gravida: Primigravida 1  
 Secundigravida 0.92(0.45–1.86)  
 Multigravida 0.59(0.29–1.18)  
Gestation: 1st trimester 1  
 2nd trimester 1.08(0.53–2.15)  
 3rd trimester 0.67(0.18–2.53)  
Age: 18–24 years 1 1
 25 29 years 0.95 (0.50–1.78) 0.99 (0.48–2.05)
  > 29 years 0.35 (0.16–0.78)* 0.25 (0.09–0.65)*
Education level (≥Grade 10) 1.11 (0.62–1.98)  
Working currently 0.46 (0.25–0.86)* 0.26 (0.15–1.66)
Socio Economic Status: Least poor 1 1
 Poor 0.92 (0.42–2.00) 1.11 (0.46–2.68)
 Very poor 0.63 (0.27–1.44) 0.81 (0.32–2.06)
 Poorest 1.04 (0.48–2.22) 1.05 (0.44–2.49)
Food insecure 2.62 (1.47–4.67)** 1.96 (1.01–3.76)*
Relationship type: Married 1 1
 Stable partner 2.23 (1.20–4.48)* 2.48 (1.17–5.27)*
 Casual partner 1.34 (0.27–6.54) 0.99 (0.17–5.76)
 Single 2.35 (0.69–8.03) 1.72 (0.42–7.08)
Perceived support from family 0.97 (0.92–1.02) 1.06 (0.98–1.45)
Perceived support from friends 0.96 (0.92–0.99)* 1.00 (0.95–1.05)
Perceived support from “special person” 0.89 (0.86–0.97)** 0.91 (0.82–0.99)*
Past abusea 4.30 (2.39–7.72)** 4.81 (2.28–10.12)**
Not pleased with pregnancy 2.94 (1.61–5.35)** 2.54 (1.28–2.04)**
MINI assessed mental health problem 2.7 (1.51–4.80)** 1.33 (1.25–2.69)*
History of mental health problems 2.03 (1.02–4.02)* 1.93 (1.20–2.17)*
  1. *significant at p ≤ 0.05, **significant at p ≤ 0.01
  2. aFrom item on RFA “I have experienced some kind of abuse in the past e.g. physical, emotional, sexual, rape”