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Table 2 Mean (±SD) Loneliness Scale scores

From: Loneliness among mothers raising children under the age of 3 years and predictors with special reference to the use of SNS: a community-based cross-sectional study

  Loneliness Scale score p value*
Age (years)   0.027
 19 or younger 45.0 ± 4.0  
 20–29 35.4 ± 9.9  
 30–39 35.3 ± 9.3  
 40–49 38.6 ± 9.8  
Marital status   0.132
 Single 40.0 ± 9.2  
 Married 36.0 ± 9.7  
 Divorced 44.0 ± 10.1  
Help from spouse   0.002
 Yes 35.6 ± 9.5  
 No 38.7 ± 10.0  
No. of children   0.948
 1 36.1 ± 9.6  
 2 or more 36.2 ± 9.7  
Employment   0.520
 Yes 35.6 ± 9.3  
 No 36.5 ± 9.9  
Daycare   0.115
 Attends 36.9 ± 9.8  
 Does not attend 35.7 ± 9.5  
Health status   < 0.001
 Very good 34.8 ± 9.4  
 Good 38.8 ± 9.7  
 Fair 41.0 ± 8.8  
 Poor   
Subjective economic status   < 0.001
 Stable 35.3 ± 9.9  
 Somewhat stable 34.8 ± 9.4  
 Somewhat unstable 37.2 ± 9.4  
 Unstable 43.4 ± 9.0  
Live-in parents   0.769
 Yes 36.6 ± 9.5  
 No 36.0 ± 9.8  
Highest level of education completed   0.025
 Junior high 36.4 ± 9.6  
 High school 38.1 ± 9.9  
 Vocational/junior college 35.3 ± 9.8  
 University/graduate school 35.1 ± 8.8  
  1. *T-test or one-way ANOVA