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Table 5 Loneliness and consultation frequency

From: Loneliness among mothers raising children under the age of 3 years and predictors with special reference to the use of SNS: a community-based cross-sectional study

Sources Number Percent Loneliness Scale score (mean ± SD) p value*
Parents 516   0.018
 Never 30 5.8% 38.8 ± 10.6  
 Once a year 14 2.7% 41.9 ± 5.7  
 Four times a year 45 8.7% 35.2 ± 10.1  
 Once a month 138 26.7% 37.3 ± 9.0  
 Once a week 123 23.8% 35.1 ± 10.1  
 2+ times/week 166 32.2% 35.0 ± 9.7  
Friends 516   <.0001
 Never 56 10.9% 42.1 ± 9.5  
 Once a year 39 7.6% 37.8 ± 8.4  
 Four times a year 62 12.0% 39.1 ± 10.8  
 Once a month 210 40.7% 35.7 ± 9.2  
 Once a week 97 18.8% 32.4 ± 8.0  
 2+ times/week 52 10.1% 33.7 ± 10.3  
Neighbors 511   0.027
 Never 290 56.8% 37.0 ± 9.9  
 Once a year 42 8.2% 36.2 ± 8.9  
 Four times a year 47 9.2% 36.3 ± 9.7  
 Once a month 91 17.8% 34.6 ± 9.3  
 Once a week 30 5.9% 31.1 ± 8.2  
 2+ times/week 11 2.2% 35.5 ± 8.4  
Specialists 514    0.020
 Never 95 18.5% 39.0 ± 9.6  
 Once a year 125 24.3% 36.0 ± 9.7  
 Four times a year 134 26.1% 35.2 ± 9.8  
 Once a month 142 27.6% 35.0 ± 9.4  
 Once a week 9 1.8% 40.0 ± 8.6  
 2+ times/week 9 1.8% 33.7 ± 8.7  
  1. *One-way analysis of variance