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Table 6 Loneliness and channels of information

From: Loneliness among mothers raising children under the age of 3 years and predictors with special reference to the use of SNS: a community-based cross-sectional study

Channels Number Percent Loneliness Scale score (mean ± SD) p value*
Governmental and corporate homepages 514    0.425
 Never 360 70.0% 36.2 ± 9.7  
 Once a year 71 13.8% 37.5 ± 10.0  
 Four times a year 38 7.4% 35.4 ± 10.1  
 Once a month 35 6.8% 33.7 ± 8.0  
 Once a week 7 1.4% 32.1 ± 11.2  
 2+ times/week 3 0.6% 36.3  
Company and medical homepages 517    0.114
 Never 312 60.3% 36.4 ± 9.8  
 Once a year 61 11.8% 37.2 ± 10.3  
 Four times a year 47 9.1% 35.1 ± 10.4  
 Once a month 72 13.9% 35.1 ± 8.6  
 Once a week 17 3.3% 31.6 ± 6.9  
 2+ times/week 8 1.5% 41.9 ± 7.8  
Personal homepages 512    0.309
 Never 288 56.3% 36.6 ± 9.8  
 Once a year 41 8.0% 36.9 ± 10.3  
 Four times a year 49 9.6% 34.0 ± 8.6  
 Once a month 68 13.3% 35.0 ± 10.3  
 Once a week 39 7.6% 34.4 ± 8.0  
 2+ times/week 27 5.3% 37.4 ± 9.9  
SNS 511    0.013
 Never 326 63.8% 37.1 ± 9.6  
 Once a year 22 4.3% 37.6 ± 10.3  
 Four times a year 22 4.3% 32.9 ± 9.9  
 Once a month 59 11.5% 34.3 ± 9.2  
 Once a week 46 9.0% 34.0 ± 10.1  
 2+ times/week 36 7.0% 32.8 ± 8.8  
Magazines/books 513    0.027
 Never 139 27.1% 37.5 ± 10.8  
 Once a year 69 13.5% 36.5 ± 9.4  
 Four times a year 98 19.1% 37.5 ± 9.5  
 Once a month 143 27.9% 34.8 ± 8.7  
 Once a week 47 9.2% 34.8 ± 9.7  
 2+ times/week 17 3.3% 31.2 ± 8.2  
TV/Radio 513    0.026
 Never 197 38.4% 37.4 ± 10.2  
 Once a year 58 11.3% 34.9 ± 8.8  
 Four times a year 83 16.2% 37.7 ± 9.1  
 Once a month 91 17.7% 34.8 ± 9.7  
 Once a week 61 11.9% 33.9 ± 8.9  
 2+ times/week 23 4.5% 34.1 ± 9.6  
Pamphlets 509    0.133
 Never 305 59.9% 36.7 ± 10.1  
 Once a year 61 12.0% 34.6 ± 8.8  
 Four times a year 62 12.2% 37.7 ± 10.4  
 Once a month 65 12.8% 33.6 ± 7.6  
 Once a week 13 2.6% 36.4 ± 8.3  
 2+ times/week 3 0.6% 37  
Childrearing seminars 513    0.030
 Never 292 56.9% 36.3 ± 10.0  
 Once a year 88 17.2% 38.1 ± 8.7  
 Four times a year 51 9.9% 36.2 ± 10.0  
 Once a month 68 13.3% 32.8 ± 8.2  
 Once a week 11 2.1% 34.9 ± 10.9  
 2+ times/week 3 0.6% 33  
  1. *One-way analysis of variance
  2. SNS Social network site
  3. TV, television