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Table 1 Frequency and percent distribution of adolescent and young adult women and their contraceptive use/non-use, abstinence practice and marital status by background characteristics (Weighted sample = 1532)

From: Correlates of sexual inactivity and met need for contraceptives among young women in Ghana

Characteristic Frequency (n = 1532) Proportion of total (%) Proportion in union (%) Proportion with unmet need (%) Proportion abstaining (%) Proportion with met need / using contraceptives (%)
Unmet need for modern method
Unmet need 475 31.0 31.1   
Abstinent 669 43.7 11.1
Met need 387 25.3 733.2
Marital Status (p = .000)  
Single 1182 77.1 0 27.7 50.3 21.9
Married 350 22.9 100.0 42.2 21.1 36.8
Age (p = .000)  
15–17 231 15.1 2.2 34.5 49.1 16.4
18–19 324 21.2 12.7 27.8 53.7 18.5
20–22 579 37.8 25.0 30.9 41.8 27.3
23–24 397 25.9 40.1 31.7 35.3 33.0
Educational attainment (p = .000)  
No education 511 7.8 59.2 38.3 30.8 30.8
Primary 258 16.8 29.5 36.4 35.7 27.9
JHS/JSS/Middle 644 42.0 24.4 32.9 42.4 24.7
Secondary/Higher 120 33.3 9.0 24.3 52.4 23.3
Wealth quintile (p = .017)  
Poorest 235 15.4 34.7 28.5 44.7 26.8
Poor 303 19.8 21.8 27.2 44.9 27.4
Middle 377 24.6 19.6 32.5 39.9 27.5
Rich 346 22.6 24.3 37.9 40.2 22.0
Richest 271 17.7 16.6 25.9 51.1 23.0
Type of place of residence (p = .444)  
Urban 779 50.9 18.9 31.4 44.7 23.9
Rural 753 49.1 27.0 30.5 42.8 26.7
Region of residence (p = .001)  
Western 212 13.8 16.5 32.5 42.0 25.5
Central 163 10.6 27.0 37.7 37.0 25.3
Greater Accra 258 16.9 17.8 27.1 46.5 26.4
Volta 134 8.8 26.9 34.4 32.8 32.8
Eastern 162 10.5 24.1 36.4 45.7 17.9
Ashanti 256 16.7 18.0 28.6 50.2 21.2
Brong Ahafo 169 11.0 20.1 23.1 39.6 37.3
Northern 94 6.1 41.5 36.2 50.0 13.8
Upper East 55 3.6 34.5 25.0 48.2 26.8
Upper West 30 2.0 43.3 34.5 41.4 24.1
Religion (p = .306)  
Catholic 154 10.1 26.0 26.6 47.4 26.0
Protestant / Other Christian 496 32.4 16.5 32.3 42.7 25.0
Pentecostal / Charismatic 632 41.2 23.9 29.1 43.7 27.2
Muslim 200 13.0 30.5 37.0 44.0 19.0
Other 49 3.2 32.0 34.7 38.8 26.5
Ethnicity (p = .072)  
Akan 767 50.0 20.1 32.1 41.7 26.2
Ewe / Ga Dangme 343 22.4 20.4 29.4 44.0 26.5
Mole-Dagbani 238 15.5 29.8 29.8 50.4 19.7
Gursi / Gurma / Mande 118 7.7 34.5 32.8 35.3 31.9
Other 66 4.3 23.9 28.4 53.7 17.9
Employment status (p = .027)  
Not working 421 31.0 27.3 29.9 44.4 25.7
In school 261 17.6 2.2 28.9 52.2 18.9
Unpaid employment 233 18.6 25.9 34.0 37.9 28.1
Paid employment 616 32.7 28.1 31.5 41.8 26.7
Number of living children (p = .000)  
0 936 61.1 3.0 28.6 51.8 19.6
1 385 25.1 43.6 37.4 34.3 28.3
2+ 211 13.8 73.5 30.3 24.6 45.0
Previous pregnancy termination (p = .000)  
No 1293 84.4 20.9 29.5 47.5 23.0
Yes 239 15.6 33.6 39.1 23.1 37.8
Total 1532 100.0 22.9 31.0 43.7 25.3
  1. Computed from the 2014 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey
  2. Bold p-values indicate significant associations