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Table 2 Multivariate Logistic Regression Analysis of Predictors of Intimate Partner Violence: BDHS, 2012

From: Perception of Beninese on intimate partner violence: evidence from 2011-2012 Benin demographic health survey

  Crude Odds Ratio CI 95% P-value Adjusted Odds Ratio CI 95% P-value
Gender
 Man 1        
 Woman 1.14 0.97 1.35 0.102     
Ethnicity
 Adja 1     1    
 Bariba 1.41 1.12 1.77 0.003 1.03 0.70 1.52 0.858
 Dendi 1.07 0.77 1.47 0.676 1.28 0.85 1.95 0.231
 Fon 1.00 0.83 1.20 0.984 1.21 0.93 1.58 0.152
 Yoa 1.25 0.88 1.79 0.203 1.53 0.98 2.40 0.059
 Betamari 1.20 0.90 1.61 0.199 1.57 1.06 2.31 0.022
 Peulh 2.36 1.67 3.34 0.000 1.67 1.02 2.76 0.041
 Yoruba 0.743 0.55 0.99 0.047 1.05 0.76 1.45 0.757
 Other Beninese 1.49 058 3.83 0.404 1.52 0.58 3.97 0.384
 Other nationality 1.28 0.85 1.93 0.222 1.42 0.92 2.18 0.105
Level of education
 No education 5.36 3.56 8.05 0.000 5.36 3.62 7.95 0.000
 Primary 3.97 2.62 6.02 0.000 4.07 2.72 6.10 0.000
 Secondary 3.10 2.05 4.69 0.000 3.21 2.15 4.78 0.000
 Higher 1     1    
Age Group (year)
 15–24 1        
 25–34 1.09 0.97 1.23 0.120     
 35 years et + 1.05 0.95 1.17 0.305     
Matrimonial Status
 Never in relation 1        
 Married 1.32 1.18 1.49 0.000     
 Living with partner 0.98 0.80 1.19 0.876     
 Widowed 1.05 0.72 1.51 0.786     
 Divorced 1.36 0.85 2.18 0.187     
 No longer living together 1.01 0.74 1.38 0.906     
Profession
 No working 1        
 Working 1.06 0.95 1.19 0.280     
Area
 Rural 1.24 1.07 1.44 0.003     
 Urban 1        
Department
 Alibori 1     1    
 Atacora 1.28 0.92 1.78 0.131 1.33 0.88 2.01 0.166
 Atlantique 1.83 1.34 2.50 0.000 2.70 1.80 4.04 0.000
 Borgou 2.60 1.96 3.45 0.000 3.20 2.32 4.40 0.000
 Collines 1.65 1.23 2.20 0.001 2.48 1.71 3.62 0.000
 Couffo 1.48 1.08 2.03 0.014 2.23 1.40 3.55 0.001
 Donga 1.46 1.02 2.10 0.039 1.46 0.96 2.21 0.070
 Littoral 1.30 0.98 1.74 0.068 2.78 1.84 4.18 0.000
 Mono 1.47 1.02 2.13 0.036 2.46 1.54 3.92 0.000
 Ouémé 1.26 0.93 1.71 0.126 1.92 1.29 2.83 0.001
 Plateau 0.81 0.51 1.29 0.384 1.14 0.68 1.91 0.602
 Zou 1.45 1.06 1.99 0.018 2.01 1.32 3.06 0.001
Religion
 Voodoo/Traditional 1.43 1.21 1.70 0.000 1.27 1.07 1.51 0.005
 Islam 1.35 1.17 1.56 0.000 1.25 1.03 1.52 0.022
 Christian 1     1    
 Other Religion 0.90 0.64 1.27 0.561 0.82 0.58 1.17 0.289
 No Religion 1.03 0.83 1.28 0.768 0.88 0.70 1.09 0.259
Quintile
 Poorest 1.48 1.21 1.81 0.000 1.25 1.01 1.54 0.034
 Poorer 1.42 1.18 1.71 0.000 1.21 0.99 1.47 0.056
 Middle 1.46 1.23 1.74 0.000 1.31 1.09 1.56 0.003
 Richer 1.15 0.98 1.34 0.072 1.09 0.93 1.28 0.244
 Richest 1     1    
Who makes spending decisions?
 The woman 1.42 1.14 1.77 0.002     
 The woman or the man 1.04 0.88 1.23 0.594     
 The man 1        
  1. Note. CI = Confidence Interval, BDHS = Benin Demographic Health Survey