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Table 3 Odds ratios (95% CI) from a multivariate logistic regression analysis and a multinomial logistic regression analysis looking at the predictors of differences in fertility preferences within couples, rural Maharashtra India, N = 867 couples

From: Spousal discordance on reports of contraceptive communication, contraceptive use, and ideal family size in rural India: a cross-sectional study

  Multivariate logistic regression Multinomial multivariate logistic regression
Model 1 Model 2
Discordant vs concordant Men+ discordant vs. concordant Women+ discordant vs. concordant
Women’s empowerment
 Equality in fertility decision-making 1.01 (0.69, 1.48) 0.80 (0.49, 1.30) 1.38 (0.80, 2.38)
 Women’s Autonomy (0–3) 0.93 (0.81, 1.09) 0.98 (0.81, 1.19) 0.87 (0.71, 1.07)
 Wife’s Educ in years 0.95 (0.90, 1.01) 1.00 (0.93, 1.08) 0.90** (0.83, 0.98)
 Wife’s Contraceptive familiarity (0–10) 1.03 (0.94, 1.13) 0.97 (0.86, 1.10) 1.08 (0.96, 1.22)
Covariates
 Husband’s Contraceptive familiarity 0.93 (0.80, 1.07) 0.86 (0.71, 1.04) 1.02 (0.84, 1.24)
 Extended Family Yes 1.07 (0.71, 1.62) 0.92 (0.56, 1.53) 1.26 (0.67, 2.38)
 Arranged Marriage Yes 0.89 (0.56, 1.42) 0.73 (0.41, 1.29) 1.19 (0.60, 2.37)
 Number of Children 1.51*** (1.18, 1.94) 1.86*** (1.36, 2.54) 1.13 (0.79, 1.62)
 Wife’s Age in years 0.92* (0.83, 1.01) 0.91 (0.80, 1.04) 0.91 (0.80, 1.05)
 Husband’s Age in years 1.07 (0.97, 1.17) 1.07 (0.95, 1.20) 1.06 (0.94, 1.20)
 Husband’s Educ in years 0.98 (0.92, 1.04) 0.98 (0.91, 1.06) 0.97 (0.89, 1.06)
 House size # of rooms 1.00 (0.87, 1.14) 0.99 (0.82, 1.19) 1.00 (0.83, 1.20)
 Wife’s income activity 0.76 (0.48, 1.17) 0.72 (0.41, 1.27) 0.78 (0.41, 1.47)
 Food insecurity 1.86** (1.09, 3.15) 2.86*** (1.52, 5.39) 1.02 (0.46, 2.28)
 Caste: (ref: Scheduled caste)
  Scheduled Tribe 0.66 (0.33, 1.36) 0.48* (0.20, 1.15) 1.14 (0.38, 3.41)
  Other Backward Caste 0.77 (0.34, 1.77) 0.45 (0.15, 1.30) 1.54 (0.46, 5.18)
  Other 0.79 (0.32, 1.95) 0.49 (0.16, 1.51) 1.60 (0.41, 6.23)
  1. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 all estimates are adjusted for all other variables in the model and include cluster level fixed effects not shown