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Table 4 Odds ratios (95% CI) from a multivariate logistic regression analysis and a multinomial logistic regression analysis looking at the predictors of differences in reported contraceptive communication within couples, rural Maharashtra India, N = 848 couples

From: Spousal discordance on reports of contraceptive communication, contraceptive use, and ideal family size in rural India: a cross-sectional study

  Multivariate logistic regression Multinomial multivariate logistic regression
Model 1 Model 2
Discordant vs concordant Concordant Positive communication vs. Concordant Negative Discordant Men + communication vs. Concordant Negative Discordant Women + communication vs. Concordant Negative
Women’s empowerment
 Equality in fertility decision-making 1.31 (0.91, 1.88) 1.53 (0.87, 2.68) 0.66 (0.35, 1.24) 2.17*** (1.36, 3.48)
 Wife’s Autonomy 1.11 (0.97, 1.29) 1.58*** (1.25, 2.00) 1.08 (0.85, 1.36) 1.38*** (1.14, 1.68)
 Wife’s Educ in years 1.03 (0.98, 1.09) 1.18*** (1.08, 1.29) 1.06 (0.96, 1.17) 1.09** (1.01, 1.17)
 Wife’s Contraceptive familiarity 1.05 (0.96, 1.14) 1.53*** (1.33, 1.75) 0.95 (0.79, 1.14) 1.38*** (1.23, 1.56)
Covariates
 Husband’s Contraceptive Knowledge 1.01 (0.89, 1.15) 1.32*** (1.07, 1.62) 1.28** (1.01, 1.63) 1.10 (0.92, 1.33)
 Extended Family 1.08 (0.73, 1.60) 1.07 (0.57, 1.99) 0.74 (0.37, 1.47) 1.21 (0.73, 2.01)
 Arranged Marriage 1.02 (0.67, 1.56) 0.73 (0.39, 1.38) 0.84 (0.39, 1.83) 0.86 (0.49, 1.51)
 Number of Children 1.90*** (1.50, 2.43) 2.41*** (1.66, 3.51) 2.19*** (1.43, 3.34) 2.73*** (2.00, 3.74)
 Wife’s Age in years 0.92* (0.84, 1.01) 0.91 (0.79, 1.04) 0.91 (0.77, 1.07) 0.89* (0.79, 1.00)
 Husband’s Age in years 0.96 (0.89, 1.05) 1.04 (0.91, 1.18) 0.90 (0.77, 1.04) 1.01 (0.91, 1.13)
 Husband’s Educ in years 1.05 (0.99, 1.11) 1.11** (1.01, 1.22) 1.17*** (1.05, 1.29) 1.05 (0.97, 1.13)
 House size # of rooms 0.90 (0.79, 1.03) 1.00 (0.82, 1.22) 0.94 (0.75, 1.19) 0.92 (0.77, 1.09)
 Wife’s income activity 1.05 (0.69, 1.58) 1.43 (0.75, 2.74) 1.02 (0.47, 2.23) 1.31 (0.76, 2.26)
 Food insecurity Yes 0.70 (0.40, 1.22) 0.68 (0.28, 1.67) 0.49 (0.16, 1.46) 0.66 (0.33, 1.33)
 Caste: (ref Scheduled caste)
  Scheduled Tribe 1.44 (0.72, 3.01) 3.11* (0.98, 9.90) 2.02 (0.60, 6.78) 2.07 (0.80, 5.33)
  OBC 2.10* (0.95, 4.80) 3.41* (0.96, 12.13) 7.09*** (1.85, 27.14) 2.59* (0.88, 7.64)
  Other 1.26 (0.53, 3.06) 2.73 (0.70, 10.67) 4.22** (1.01, 17.63) 1.37 (0.42, 4.49)
  1. *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.001, all estimates are adjusted for all other variables in the model