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Table 5 Odds ratios (95% CI) from a multivariate logistic regression analysis and a multinomial logistic regression analysis looking at the predictors of differences in reported current contraceptive use within couples, rural Maharashtra India, N = 843 couples

From: Spousal discordance on reports of contraceptive communication, contraceptive use, and ideal family size in rural India: a cross-sectional study

  Multivariate logistic regression Multinomial multivariate logistic regression
Model 1 Model 2
Discordant vs concordant Concordant contraceptive use Discordant Men+ contraceptive use Discordant Women+ contraceptive use
Contraceptive communication: (ref concordant no communic)
 Concordant communication 2.86*** (1.48, 5.58) 57.86*** (25.56, 131.02) 10.12*** (4.26, 24.05) 24.87*** (6.82, 90.63)
 Discordant Men+ communication 9.90*** (4.97, 20.07) 6.05*** (2.40, 15.25) 18.95*** (8.28, 43.38) 0.76 (0.07, 8.59)
 Discordant Women+ communication 1.74* (0.97, 3.14) 8.18*** (4.00, 16.70) 0.95 (0.42, 2.15) 9.29*** (3.23, 26.71)
Fertility Preferences: (ref concordant)
 Discordant Men+ preferences 0.85 (0.44, 1.57) 0.79 (0.38, 1.61) 0.58 (0.24, 1.40) 1.92 (0.68, 5.38)
 Discordant Women+ preferences 1.88** (1.00, 3.45) 0.87 (0.38, 1.96) 1.31 (0.56, 3.08) 3.92** (1.32, 11.60)
Women’s empowerment
 Equality in fertility decision-making 1.52 (0.99, 2.34) 2.14** (1.33, 3.44) 1.78* (1.05, 3.01) 2.55* (1.17, 5.54)
 Wife’s Autonomy 0.96 (0.81, 1.15) 0.95 (0.78, 1.17) 0.93 (0.75, 1.16) 1.01 (0.74, 1.38)
 Wife’s Educ in years 1.10** (1.03, 1.19) 1.04 (0.96, 1.13) 1.14** (1.04, 1.25) 1.08 (0.96, 1.21)
 Wife’s Contraceptive familiarity 1.03 (0.93, 1.14) 1.01 (0.90, 1.13) 1.02 (0.89, 1.17) 1.09 (0.93, 1.28)
Covariates
 Contraceptive familiarity H # reported 0.85* (0.71, 1.03) 1.17 (0.95, 1.44) 0.93 (0.72, 1.19) 0.91 (0.64, 1.30)
 Extended Family 0.81 (0.47, 1.40) 0.55* (0.30, 1.01) 0.74 (0.36, 1.51) 0.41* (0.15, 1.11)
 Arranged Marriage 2.04** (1.13, 3.85) 0.68 (0.37, 1.25) 2.24* (0.94, 5.34) 1.21 (0.44, 3.31)
 Number of Children 1.64*** (1.16, 2.31) 1.30 (0.90, 1.88) 2.22*** (1.41, 3.47) 1.30 (0.71, 2.37)
 Wife’s Age in years 0.90 (0.79, 1.02) 1.07 (0.94, 1.22) 0.81** (0.68, 0.97) 1.09 (0.88, 1.34)
 Husband’s Age in years 0.99 (0.88, 1.11) 1.01 (0.89, 1.14) 1.01 (0.87, 1.18) 0.99 (0.80, 1.21)
 Husband’s Educ in years 1.06 (0.98, 1.15) 1.10** (1.01, 1.21) 1.16*** (1.04, 1.29) 0.99 (0.85, 1.15)
 House size # of rooms 0.92 (0.76, 1.10) 1.04 (0.87, 1.25) 0.94 (0.74, 1.20) 0.80 (0.55, 1.15)
 Wife’s income activity 0.53** (0.28, 0.95) 0.65 (0.34, 1.24) 0.63 (0.29, 1.33) 0.24** (0.07, 0.83)
 Food insecurity Yes 1.41 (0.64, 2.95) 0.99 (0.40, 2.45) 1.56 (0.61, 3.96) 0.90 (0.20, 4.03)
 Caste: (ref Scheduled caste)
  Scheduled Tribe 0.72 (0.27, 2.03) 2.73* (0.84, 8.91) 1.17 (0.33, 4.17) 0.98 (0.11, 8.46)
  OBC 0.60 (0.21, 1.81) 3.09* (0.86, 11.15) 0.56 (0.14, 2.26) 2.28 (0.24, 21.66)
  Other 0.39 (0.12, 1.29) 3.55* (0.91, 13.82) 0.50 (0.11, 2.39) 1.88 (0.19, 18.66)
  1.  *p < 0.1; **p < 0.05; ***p < 0.001, all estimates are adjusted for all other variables in the model