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Table 4 Gender-equitable attitudes towards household decision-making and modern contraceptive use pattern

From: Gender norms and modern contraceptive use in urban Nigeria: a multilevel longitudinal study

  User vs. Non-User Adopter vs. Non-User Discontinuer vs. User
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Individual-level attitudes
 Low to Low reference reference reference
 Low to High 1.38 (1.09–1.75) 1.17 (1.02–1.36) 0.81 (0.60–1.09)
 High to Low 1.24 (0.93–1.64) 1.03 (0.85–1.24) 0.88 (0.62–1.24)
 High to High 1.60 (1.26–2.03) 1.23 (1.05–1.45) 0.73 (0.55–0.98)
Neighborhood-level attitudes
 Low to Low reference reference reference
 Low to High 2.28 (1.61–3.23) 1.28 (1.03–1.61) 0.58 (0.38–0.89)
 High to Low 2.23 (1.36–3.67) 2.00 (1.38–2.89) 0.72 (0.40–1.30)
 High to High 2.66 (1.88–3.76) 1.58 (1.24–1.99) 0.54 (0.35–0.82)
  1. OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval; Models included individual and neighborhood exposure variables controlling for age, education, marital history, religion, parity, household wealth, and city of residence