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Table 2 Results of ANCOVA and post hoc test

From: The effects of concurrent training (aerobic-resistance) and milk consumption on some markers of bone mineral density in women with osteoporosis

Characteristic Groups Mean difference Standard error P
ALP (IU/L) CT + MC CT 4.85 14.33 0.73
MC 22.69 15.03 0.14
C 32.27 14.71 0.03*
CT MC 17.83 15.00 0.24
C 27.41 14.69 0.07
25OH-D (ng/ml) CT + MC CT 8.17 3.94 0.04*
MC 10.75 3.86 0.009*
C 18.10 3.70 0.001*<
CT MC 2.58 3.70 0.49
C 9.93 4.00 0.01*
Right hip BMD (T-score) CT + MC CT 0.36 0.09 0.001*
MC 0.33 0.09 0.001*
C 0.50 0.08 0.001*<
CT MC −0.03 0.10 0.73
C 0.13 0.10 0.20
Left hip BMD (T-score) CT + MC CT 0.13 0.08 0.11
MC 0.44 0.08 0.001*<
C 0.38 0.08 0.001*<
CT MC 0.30 0.08 0.001*<
C 0.25 0.08 0.006*
Lumbar spine (L2-L4) BMD (T-score) CT + MC CT −0.12 0.05 0.01*
MC 0.29 0.04 0.001*<
C 0.31 0.05 0.001*<
CT MC 0.41 0.05 0.001*<
C 0.44 0.06 0.001*<
  1. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP); 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OH-D); bone mineral density (BMD); concurrent training-milk consumption (CT + MC); concurrent training (CT); milk consumption (MC); Control (C). * denotes significant differences between groups at post training (p ≤ 0.05)