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Table 3 Results from the multivariate logistic regression models of the likelihoods of depressive symptoms stratified by status of women’s employmenta

From: Is caregiving by baby boomer women related to the presence of depressive symptoms? Evidence from eight national surveys

  Lower status in women’s employment b Higher employment status women’s employment c
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Individual-level variables
 Caregiving 1.40 (0.87–2.26) 1.33** (1.81–2.53)
 Married 0.64** (0.48–0.84) 0.39** (0.25–0.63)
 Employed 0.89 (0.66–1.21) 0.40** (0.24–0.67)
 Married x Employed 1.17 (0.84–1.64) 1.62* (1.02–2.57)
 Education 0.68*** (0.60–0.77) 0.84* (0.75–0.95)
 Age 1.03 (0.95–1.11) 0.97 (0.94–1.01)
 N   8078   7022
  1. aStatus regarding women’s employment is measured by proportion of women employed in managerial or professional occupation, percent of female vulnerable employment, and rate of female labor force participation
  2. bA higher status regarding women’s employment represents a higher proportion of women employed in managerial or professional occupation, a lower percent of female vulnerable employment, and a higher rate of labor force participation. These countries include USA, Israel, and those in Northern and Western Europe
  3. cCountries with lower status regarding women’s employment are Southern Europe, Eastern Asia, and Mexico
  4. * p < 0.05; **p < 0.01; ***p < 0.001
  5. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, OR odds ratio