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Table 6 Health belief model scores of participants (single participants excluded: N = 392)

From: Using the health belief model to assess beliefs and behaviors regarding cervical cancer screening among Saudi women: a cross-sectional observational study

Variables Agree Neutral Disagree
Susceptibility
It is likely that I will get cervical cancer in the future 82 169 141
My chances of getting cervical cancer in the next few years are high 37 143 212
I feel I will get cervical cancer some time during my life 21 128 243
Average score 46.6 146.6 198.6
% 11.9 37.4 50.6
Seriousness
 The thought of cervical cancer scares me 173 90 129
 When I think about cervical cancer, my heart beats faster 137 99 156
 I am afraid to think about cervical cancer 205 69 118
 Problems I would experience with cervical cancer would last a long time 140 129 123
 Cervical cancer would threaten a relationship with my husband 176 103 113
 If I had cervical cancer my whole life would change 175 101 116
 If I developed cervical cancer, I would not live longer than 5 years 50 143 199
 Average score 150.8 104.8 136.2
 % 38.4 26.7 34.7
Benefits
 I want to discover health problems early 339 36 17
 Maintaining good health is extremely important to me 344 31 17
 I look for new information to improve my health 355 27 10
 I feel it is important to carry out activities which will improve my health 352 31 9
 Having regular Pap smear tests will help to find changes to the cervix, before they turn into cancer 325 54 13
 If cervical cancer was found at a regular Pap smear test its treatment would not be so bad 283 63 46
 I think that having a regular Pap smear test is the best way for cervical cancer to be diagnosed early 325 51 16
 Having regular Pap smear tests will decrease my chances of dying from cervical cancer 276 77 39
 Average score 325 46 20.8
 % 82.8 11.7 5.3
Motivation
 I eat well-balanced meals for my health 310 64 18
 I exercise at least 3 times a week for my health 263 91 38
 I have regular health check-ups even when I am not sick 240 93 59
 Average score 271 82.6 38.3
 % 69.1 21.1 9.7
Barriers
 I am afraid to have a Pap smear test for fear of a bad result 88 98 206
 I am afraid to have a Pap smear test because I don’t know what will happen 96 100 196
 I don’t know where to go for a Pap smear test 203 73 116
 I would be ashamed to lie on a gynecologic examination table 159 61 172
 Undergoing a Pap smear test takes too much time 46 192 154
 Undergoing a Pap smear test is too painful 83 188 121
 Health professionals performing Pap smear tests are rude to women 48 166 178
 I neglect or cannot remember to have a Pap smear test regularly 148 142 102
 I have other problems in my life which are more important than having a Pap smear test 72 106 214
 I am too old to have a Pap smear test regularly 33 87 272
 There is no health center close to my house to have a Pap smear test 147 115 130
 If there is cervical cancer development in my destiny, having a Pap smear test cannot prevent it 166 88 138
 I prefer that a female doctor conducts a Pap smear test 310 58 24
 I will never have a Pap smear test if I have to pay for it 85 91 216
 I do not have time to get a Pap smear test 60 111 221
 The Pap smear test may move the intrauterine device 35 234 123
 My husband does not want me to get a Pap smear test 29 128 235
 It Is difficult to get an appointment for a Pap smear test 125 123 144
 Average score 107.4 120.1 164.5
 % 27.4 30.6 41.9