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Table 3 Narrative synthesis of study findings

From: Can mental health treatments help prevent or reduce intimate partner violence in low- and middle-income countries? A systematic review

Authors, year Intervention category Measure used Outcome assessed Effect
Carlson et al., 2012 [40]; Witte et al., 2011 [41] Integrated intervention Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2). Victimization
• Physical IPV (past 90 days)
• Sexual IPV (past 90 days)
• 3 months post intervention: NS
• 6 months post intervention: NS
• 3 months post intervention: NS
• 6 months post intervention: NS
(p-values not reported)
Jewkes et al., 2014 [38] Integrated intervention WHO violence against women scale for all except sexual violence perpetration (asked did you ever force a girlfriend or wife into having sex with you). Dichotomized into any/none Victimization (women)
• Physical IPV (past 3 months)
• Sexual IPV (past 3 months)
Perpetration (men)
• Physical IPV (past 3 months)
• Sexual IPV (past 3 months)
p = .12
p = .03 – prevalence reduced from 30.3 to 18.9%
p = .49
• p = .69
Jiang et al., 2014 [39] Dedicated mental health intervention (IPT) Conflict Tactics Scale Victimization (it appears for both men and women)
• Combined psychological and physical (time frame not specified)
• 3 months post intervention: p-value not reported, Cohen’s d = −.38
L’Engle et al. 2014 [43] and Parcesepe et al., 2016 [44] Dedicated mental health intervention (WHO brief alcohol reduction) Asked “How many times in the last 30 days have you been beaten or physically abused?” dichotomized to any/none and report of having been forced to have sex against her desire yes/no Victimization
• Physical non-paying partner violence (past 30 days)
• Sexual non-paying partner violence (past 30 days)
• 6 months post intervention: p = .09
• 12 months post intervention: p = .06
• 6 months post intervention: p = .69
• 12 months post intervention: p = .19
Nadkarni et al. 2017a [47] and Nadkarni et al. 2017b [48] Dedicated mental health intervention (CAP- brief alcohol reduction) Asked if the person had “slapped, hit, kicked, punched your wife/partner or done something else that did or could have hurt her physically.” Perpetration (men)
• Physical IPV (past 3 months)
• 3 months post intervention: p = .57
• 12 months post intervention: p = .28
Patel et al., 2017 [45] and Weobong et al. 2017 [46] Dedicated mental health intervention (HAP) 2-items
Physical: Has your husband/partner ever hit you?;
Psychological: Has your husband/partner ever spoken to you using language which is threatening (for example that he is going to hit you) or abusive (called you names, accused you of having relations with other males, etc.)?
Victimization
• Physical IPV
• Psychological IPV
• 3 months post intervention physical (women): p = .04, aPR 0.53 (95% CI 0.29–0.96)
• 12 months post intervention physical (women): p = .16
• 3 months post intervention physical (men): p = .24
• 3 months post intervention psychological (women): p = .15
• 12 months post intervention psychological (women): p = .17
• 3 months post intervention psychological (men): p = .41
• 12 months post intervention psychological (men): p = .62
Wechsberg et al., 2013 [42] Integrated intervention Asked about being slapped, pushed, shoved, kicked, hit, dragged, beaten, choked, or burned • Physical IPV (past 6 months) • 6 months post intervention: NS
• 12 months post intervention: NS
(p-values not reported)
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