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Table 2 The association of mediator variables and maternal adjustment outcomes with mode of birth

From: Psychosocial factors that mediate the association between mode of birth and maternal postnatal adjustment: findings from a population-based survey

  Mode of birth
SVD Instrumental Planned CS Unplanned CS Total
N % n % n % n % n %
Mediators
 Perceived control – mean (95% CI)*** 5.00 (4.87, 5.12) 4.38 (4.19, 4.57) 4.58 (4.24, 4.92) 3.86 (3.63, 4.09) 4.60 (4.51, 4.70)
 Expectations (n, % worse than expected)*** 156 15.6 273 52.0 37 21.1 247 65.5 713 34.3
 Holding baby (n,% within 2 mins of birth)*** 658 71.1 247 49.1 16 9.3 39 10.6 960 48.8
 HCP support– mean (95% CI)*** 2.49 (2.43, 2.55) 2.26 (2.16, 2.36) 2.52 (2.37, 2.66) 2.09 (1.96, 2.21) 2.36 (2.31, 2.41)
 Infant health at 3 mths (n,% with problems)** 124 12.2 81 15.3 38 21.2 60 15.7 303 14.4
Outcomes - mean (95% CI)
 Maternal postnatal wellbeing* 5.60 (5.55, 5.66) 5.51 (5.43, 5.60) 5.52 (5.35, 5.68) 5.44 (5.33, 5.55) 5.54 (5.50, 5.59)
 Maternal satisfaction with labour and birth*** 4.54 (4.49, 4.59) 4.28 (4.19. 4.37) 4.60 (4.48, 4.72) 4.16 (4.05, 4.27) 4.41 (4.37, 4.45)
 Mother/Infant belonging 4.84 (4.76, 4.92) 4.77 (4.65, 4.89) 4.69 (4.49, 4.90) 4.69 (4.54, 4.84) 4.78 (4.72, 4.84)
  1. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001