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Table 5 Coefficient estimates from logistic regression analysis examining the relationship between women’s empowerment and ability to achieve fertility goals

From: Women’s empowerment and fertility preferences in high fertility countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

Variables Burkina Faso Mali Niger Chad
Model1 Model2 Model1 Model2 Model1 Model2 Model1 Model2
Women’s empowerment
 Empowerment index 0.01*(0.007–0.04)   −0.12(−0.20—0.04)   0.12(0.023–0.22)   0.15***(0.05–0.25)  
 Economic Empowerment index   0.03(−0.03–0.09)   0.24***(014–0.35)   0.11(−0.04–0.27)   −0.52***(− 0.71—0.33)
 Socio-cultural empowerment index   −0.07***(− 0.12—0.03)   −0.06*(− 0.13–0004)   0.05(− 0.03–0.14)   −0.14***(− 0.23—0.04)
 Familial empowerment index   0.16***(0.1–0.22)   0.14***(0.06–0.22)   0.05(−0.04–0.15)   0.23***(0.08–0.38)
Controls variables
Place of residence
 Rural −0.01(− 0.18–0.16) 0.0004(− 0.17–0.17) 0.19(− 0.12–0.51) 0.24(−0.09–0.57) −1.29***(−1.80—0.78) −1.43***(− 1.97—0.89) 13.90(13.14–14.67) 15.32(14.58–16.06)
Household wealth index
 Poor 0.01(− 0.21–0.24) −0.01(− 0.21–0.24) −0.94***(− 1.47—0.42) −0.90***(− 1.4—0.37) −1.11***(− 1.88—0.34) −1.24***(−2.03—0.45) 0.07(− 0.55–0.69) − 0.09(− 0.74–0.55)
 Middle 0.18(− 0.04–0.41) 0.18(− 0.04–0.4) 0.06(− 0.56–0.69) 0.08(− 0.54–0.71) −0.64**(− 1.26—0.02) −0.72*(− 1.35—0.09) 0.82***(0.21–1.44) 0.69**(0.04–0.55)
 Rich 0.04(− 0.17–0.26) 0.03(− 0.18–0.24) 0.11(− 0.37–0.60) 0.24(− 0.25–0.73) −2.16(− 2.86—1.43) −2.27***(− 2.99—1.55) 0.42(−0.19–1.02) 0.45(− 0.20–1.11)
 Richest 0.41***(0.14–0.7) 0.33**(0.06–0.6) 0.72**(0.17–1.28) 0.92***(0.35–1.48) −2.16(− 2.89—1.43) −2.25(− 2.99—1.51) 14.85***(13.94–15.76) 15.95***(14.98–16.93)
Husband education
 Primary − 0.09(− 0.27–0.11) −0.09(− 0.3–0.09) −0.06(− 0.50–0.37) −0.15(− 0.57–0.27) −1.87***(− 2.66—1.09) −1.81*** −0.17(− 0.61–0.26) −0.39*
 Secondary 0.33**(0.04–0.61) 0.37**(0.07–0.66) 0.18(−0.15–0.53) 0.19(− 0.14–0.53) −0.35(− 0.97–0.26) −0.76** 0.56***(0.14–0.98) 0.17
 Tertiary (High school) −0.06(− 0.71–0.58) 0.07(− 0.61–0.77) 0.13(− 0.37–0.65) −0.02(− 0.53–0.47) 1.02***(0.45–1.58) 1.01** 0.32(− 0.44–1.08) 0.14
Household size
 4–6 0.88***(0.4–1.29) 0.93***(0.47–1.39) 0.19(− 0.85–1.23) 0.05(− 0.91–1.02) 0.48(0.99–1.96) 0.57(−0.94–2.08) 0.002(− 0.87–0.87) −0.23(− 0.67–0.21)
 7–9 0.85***(0.4–1.32) 0.98***(0.52–1.43) 0.52(− 0.51–1.54) 0.44(−0.52–1.41) 0.64(− 0.83–2.13) 0.70(− 0.80–2.21) −0.45(− 1.34–0.44) 0.63***(0.19–1.07)
 10 – 0.92***(0.4–1.37) 1.04***(0.58–1.50) 0.89(− 0.13–1.91) 0.87(− 0.09–1.84) 1.26(− 0.21–2.74) 1.34(−0.16–2.85) −0.43(− 1.29–0.43) 0.24(− 0.48–0.97)
Polygamous union
 Yes − 0.35(− 0.54—0.15) −0.40(− 0.60—0.20) −0.02(− 0.41–0.38) −0.08(− 0.48–0.31) 0.36(0.25–1.58) 0.34(0.14–1.12) −0.31(− 0.89–0.27) −0.88(− 1.56—0.19)
Religion
 Muslim 0.89**(0.05–1.73) 1.02**(0.15–1.89) 0.43(−0.31–1.17) 0.39(− 0.33–1.12) 0.09(− 0.31–0.63) −0.75(− 1.22—0.27) −0.12(− 0.48–0.22) 0.04(− 0.15–0.24)
 Christian 1.18***(0.34–2.02) 1.26***(0.39–2.12) 0.91**(0.17–1.75 0.66**(0.12–1.95 0.72**(0.15–1.28) 0.05(− 0.44–0.51) − 0.405(− 0.55–0.62) − 0.16(− 0.52–0.19)
 Animist/traditional 0.99**(0.12–1.85) 1.08**(0.19–1.97) 0.97**(0.11–1.12) − 0.92(− 2.18–0.34) 0.15(0.08–0.20) 9.04***(0.58–1.50) −1.29(− 1.80—0.78) 0.21(− 0.07–0.37
Number of women 4020 4020 1307 1307 1160 1160 837 837
  1. *** Significant at 1%; ** significant at 5%; significant at 10%
  2. (): confidence intervals
  3. Note: Model1: explanatory variables (empowerment and controls variables)
  4. Model2: explanatory variables (desegregated empowerment index and controls variables)