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Table 3 Factors associated with short birth interval among childbearing women in Tselemti district, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Short birth interval and associated factors among women of child bearing age in northern Ethiopia, 2016

Variables (N = 803) Short birth interval COR (CI: 95%) AOR (CI: 95%) p-Value for AOR
No n (%) Yes n (%)    
Age at interview
 20–24 55 (64.7) 30 (35.3) 2.78(1.20, 6.46) 2.29(0.68, 7.64)  
 25–29 192 (75.6) 62 (24.4) 1.65(0.76, 3.56) 2.04(0.68, 6.10)  
 30–34 191 (78.0) 54(22.0) 1.44(0.66, 3.13) 2.19(0.77, 6.23)  
 35–39 132 (80.5) 32 (19.5) 1.23(0.55, 2.79) 2.37(0.84, 6.65)  
 40+ 46 (83.6) 9(16.4) 1 1  
Religion
 Orthodox 541 (79.1) 143 (20.9) 1 1  
 Muslim 75 (63.0) 44 (37.0) 2.21(1.46, 3.36) 2.02 (1.20, 3.40)* 0.008
Decision making
Husband 86 (65.6) 45 (34.4) 1.92(1.26, 2.92) 1.64(0.98, 2.75)  
 Self 125 (79.6) 32 (20.4) 0.943(0.60, 1.46) 0.83(0.48, 1.44)  
 Both with discussion 405 (78.6) 110 (21.4) 1 1  
Time taken to health center/min
<  30 472 (77.1) 140 (22.9) 1 1  
 31–60 99 (80.5) 24 (19.5) 0.81 (0.50, 1.32) 0.61(0.33, 1.12)  
 61–120 26 (61.9) 16 (38.1) 2.07(1.08, 3.97) 2.23(0.98, 5.08)  
> 120 19 (73.1) 7 (26.9) 1.24 (0.51, 3.01) 1.10(0.34, 3.47)  
FP use before last child
 Yes 516 (83.5) 102 (16.5) 1 1  
 No 100 (54.1) 85 (45.9) 4.30(3.00, 6.15) 2.44(1.55, 3.82)** 0.001
No. of living children before the index child 184 (68.9) 83 (31.1) 1.70 (1.07, 2.71) 1.68 (0.82, 3.45)  
< 1 172 (84.3) 32 (15.7) 0.70 (0.41, 1.20) 0.64 (0.30, 1.34)  
 2 135 (77.6) 39 (22.4) 1.09 (0.64, 1.84) 1.14 (0.57, 2.28)  
 3 125 (79.1) 33 (20.9) 1 1  
 4+      
Wanted pregnancy
 Yes 555 (83.5) 110 (16.5) 1 1  
 No 61 (44.2) 77 (55.8) 6.36(4.29, 9.43) 3.63 (2.23, 5.91)** 0.001
Duration of BF in the index child (months)
 0–12 22 (37.3) 37 (62.7) 10.86(6.11,19.30) 7.01(3.64, 13.46)** 0.001
 13–23 45 (40.9) 65 (59.1) 9.32(5.98,14.53) 6.12(3.68, 10.17)** 0.001
> 24 549 (86.6) 85 (13.4) 1 1  
Survival status of the index child
 Alive 596 (77.3) 175 (22.7) 1 1  
 Dead 20 (62.5) 12 (37.5) 2.04(0.98,4.26) 1.38(0.58, 3.31)  
Knowledge on short birth interval
 Yes 558 (78.2) 156 (21.8) 1 1  
 No 58 (65.2) 31 (34.8) 1.91(1.19, 3.06) 1.67(0.92, 3.03)  
  1. COR = Crud odd ratio, AOR = Adjusted odd ratio