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Table 1 Differences in Cultural Beliefs by General Characteristics (N = 289)

From: Cultural beliefs about breast cancer in Vietnamese women

Characteristic n (%) Cultural beliefs
M ± SD U or χ2 (p values)
Age (years)
 Young: 20–39 167 (57.8) 3.62 ± 1.68 8169.5
 Old: 40–64 122 (42.2) 3.07 ± 1.64 (.004)
Income level
  < AMW 201 (69.6) 3.62 ± 1.60 6605.0
  ≥ AMW 88 (30.4) 2.86 ± 1.74 (< .001)
Education level
  ≥ Secondary 224 (77.6) 3.39 ± 1.68 15.84
 Primary school 51 (17.6) 2.86 ± 1.38
(.027)
 No education 14 (4.8) 4.00 ± 1.70
Marital status
 Married 262 (90.7) 3.35 ± 1.67 3031.5
 Not married 27 (9.3) 3.77 ± 1.80 (.215)
Having medical insurance
 Yes 248 (85.8) 3.39 ± 1.75 5035.5
 No 41 (14.2) 3.39 ± 1.20 (.921)
Menopause status
 Yes 46 (15.9) 3.39 ± 1.67 5473.5
 No 243 (84.1) 3.39 ± 1.69 (.822)
Diagnosed with a breast disease
 Yes 17 (5.9) 2.82 ± 1.18 1820.5
 No 272 (94.1) 3.42 ± 1.70 (.136)