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Table 1 Percentage of adolescent girls by socio-demographic characteristics, WASH practices, and participation in programmes

From: WASH practices and its association with nutritional status of adolescent girls in poverty pockets of eastern India

Characteristics Bihar (N = 1704) Odisha (N = 1727) Chhattisgarh (N = 2921) Total (N = 6352)
Age
 10–14 years 63.2 51.2 55.5 56.4
 15–19 years 36.8 48.8 44.5 43.6
Religion
 Hindu 41.9 95.3 98.3 82.3
 Non-Hindu 58.1 4.7 1.7 17.7
Caste
 Scheduled Caste (SC) 19.1 15.4 2.4 10.4
 Scheduled Tribe (ST) 4.9 54.1 65.1 46.0
 Other Backward Classes (OBCs) 68.3 22.6 27.9 37.3
 Others 7.7 7.9 4.6 6.3
Wealth quintile
 Poorest 6.2 32.2 21.2 20.0
 Poor 13.2 23.3 21.7 20.0
 Middle 24.5 16.4 19.5 20.0
 Rich 31.8 15.0 16.1 20.0
 Richest 24.4 13.2 21.5 20.0
Currently attending school
 Yes 80.6 57.3 74.8 71.6
 No 19.4 42.7 25.2 28.4
Engaged in work outside home
 Yes 11.7 21.4 30.4 23.0
 No 88.3 78.6 69.6 77.0
Earnings in casha
 Yes 88.9 98.3 98.9 97.4
 No 11.1 1.7 1.1 2.6
Main source of drinking water
 Improvedb 99.9 83.0 95.0 93.1
 Unimproved 0.1 17.0 5.0 6.9
Accessibility to water facility
 Within premisesc 0.1 1.7 7.3 3.8
 Out of premises 99.9 98.3 92.7 96.2
Type of sanitation facility used
 Improvedd 18.1 12.7 16.2 15.7
 Unimprovede 81.9 87.3 83.8 84.3
Practice open defecationf
 Yes 79.3 83.0 83.2 82.1
 No 20.7 17.0 16.8 17.9
Uses soap after defecation
 Yes 72.8 63.1 74.8 71.1
 No 27.2 36.9 25.2 28.9
Uses sanitary napking during menstruationh
 Yes 11.2 37.4 24.8 23.3
 No 88.8 62.6 75.2 76.7
Accessed adolescent health services in last six months
 Yes 2.5 7.9 13.8 9.2
 No 97.5 92.1 86.2 90.8
Visited AnganwadiCentre (AWC) for service
 Yes 3.4 27.0 37.1 25.3
 No 96.6 73.0 62.9 74.7
Accessed any health service/counselling from frontline health worker
 Yes 2.7 20.1 18.0 14.5
 No 97.3 79.9 82.0 85.5
Attended any Kishori group meetings
 Yes 2.1 9.0 5.9 5.7
 No 97.9 91.0 94.1 94.3
Able to make decision aboutown healthcare
 Yes 25.6 62.3 36.8 40.7
 No 74.4 37.7 63.2 59.3
  1. Note:
  2. aIncludes working women (1449) only. Hence sample does not match with total sample (6352)
  3. bImproved source of drinking water as per WHO norm includes piped water into dwelling/yard/plot, public tap/standpipe, tube well or borehole, protected dug well, protected spring, rainwater, and community RO plant
  4. cWater facility within premises includes water piped into a dwelling, plot or yard
  5. dImproved sanitation facility as per WHO norms include flush or pour flush toilet/latrine to: piped sewer system, septic tank, pit latrine, ventilated improved pit (VIP)/biogas latrine, pit latrine with slab, twin pit/composting toilet
  6. eUnimproved sanitation facilities includes: flush to somewhere else, pit latrine without slab/open pit, dry/service latrine
  7. fOpen defecation represents household that have no sanitation facility and defecate in open spaces or field/jungle
  8. gSanitary napkin refers to a sanitary pad or any locally prepared sanitary napkin
  9. hIncludes menstruating girls (4869) only hence sample does not match total sample (6352)