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Table 1 Baseline characteristics for MAGDA study participants by treatment condition

From: The effect of a diabetes prevention program on dietary quality in women with previous gestational diabetes

Outcomes Control (n = 289) Intervention (n = 284) Total (n = 573) Significance (P-value)
Height (cm)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 161.7 (7.2) 161.6 (6.9) 161.7 (7.1) 0.91
Weight (kg)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 74.6 (20.3) 76.7 (20.0) 75.6 (20.2) 0.22
BMI (kg/m2)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 28.4 (6.7) 29.2 (6.9) 28.8 (6.8) 0.13
Waist Circumference (cm)
 N 289 283 572  
 Mean (SD) 90.4 (14.5) 92.1 (14.4) 91.2 (14.5) 0.15
Age (years)
 N 287 281 568  
 Mean (SD) 33.6 (5.1) 34.1 (5.3) 33.8 (5.2) 0.20
Systolic BP (mmHg)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 111.6 (12.8) 113.2 (14.0) 112.4 (13.4) 0.17
Diastolic BP (mmHg)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 70.8 (10.1) 72.2 (10.7) 71.5 (10.4) 0.10
Diabetes perceived risk
 N 287 281 568  
 Mean (SD) 5.4 (2.6) 5.7 (2.3) 5.6 (2.5) 0.20
Australian Quality of Life score
 N 284 272 556  
 Mean (SD) 0.8 (0.2) 0.8 (0.1) 0.8 (0.1) 0.13
Tertiary education 237 (83%) 237 (84%) 474 (84%)  
Low Income 57 (20%) 71 (26%) 128 (23%)  
Current Smoker 21 (7%) 11 (4%) 32 (6%)  
Fulltime employed 49 (17%) 46 (16%) 95 (17%)  
Breastfeeding Initiated 259 (90%) 238 (85%) 497 (88%)  
Parity
 1 126 (44%) 127 (45%) 253 (45%)  
 2 97 (34%) 97 (35%) 194 (34%)  
 3+ 64 (22%) 57 (20%) 121 (21%)  
Cultural Background by geo-region
 Asia 110 (38%) 113 (40%) 223 (39%)  
 Australia and New Zealand 58 (20%) 73 (26%) 131 (23%)  
 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander 0 (0.0%) 1 (0.4%) 1 (0.2%)  
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/L)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 4.7 (0.5) 4.8 (0.5) 4.8 (0.5) 0.03*
OGTT – 2 h (mmol/L)
 N 289 282 571  
 Mean (SD) 5.6 (1.6) 5.5 (1.7) 5.5 (1.6) 0.91
HbA1c (%)
 N 289 283 572  
 Mean (SD) 5.3 (0.5) 5.3 (0.4) 5.3 (0.4) 0.95
Total Cholesterol (mmol/L)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 5.1 (0.9) 6.1 (1.0) 5.1 (0.9) 0.34
Triglycerides (mmol/L)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 1.2 (0.7) 1.2 (0.7) 1.2 (0.7) 0.15
HDL (mmol/L)
 N 289 284 573  
 Mean (SD) 1.54 (0.35) 1.47 (0.42) 1.50 (0.39) 0.03*
LDL (mmol/L)
 N 288 284 572  
 Mean (SD) 3.1 (0.9) 3.0 (0.9) 3.0 (0.9) 0.40
  1. Data presented as N, mean (standard deviation) and N (percentage)
  2. Independent T-tests and chi-squared analysis
  3. Abbreviations: BMI Body Mass Index, BP Blood Pressure, OGTT Oral Glucose Tolerance Test, HDL High Density Lipoproteins, LDL Low Density Lipoproteins
  4. *significant values P ≤ 0.05