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Table 1 Demographic and background variables among fertile and infertile women

From: An investigation of the effects of infertility on Women’s quality of life: a case-control study

Variable Value Fertile group Infertile group P-value b
Frequency (Percentage) Frequency (Percentage
Age rangea < 35 339 (62.8) 113 (62.8) >  0.999
≥35 201 (37.2) 61 (37.2)
Duration of Marriagea <  10 258 (47.8) 86 (47.8) >  0.999
≥ 10 282 (52.2) 94 (52.2)
Educational Levela Illiterate or primary school 156 (28.9) 52 (28.9) >  0.999
Junior high school to high school diploma 204 (37.8) 68 (37.8)
University 180 (33.3) 60 (33.3)
Occupational Status Housewife 375 (69.4) 127 (70.6) 0.794
Employed 165 (30.6) 53 (29.4)
Husband’s Educational Level Illiterate or primary school 205 (38.0) 73 (40.6) 0.814
Junior high school to high school diploma 152 (28.1) 49 (27.2)
University 183 (33.9) 58 (32.2)
Husband’s Occupation Unemployed 40 (7.4) 19 (10.6) 0.603
White collar employee 126 (23.3) 38 (21.1)
Self-employed 296 (54.8) 99 (55.0)
Other 78 (14.4) 24 (13.3)
Residential Property Ownership Status Rented or living with parents 143 (26.5) 59 (32.8) 0.119
Owned 397 (73.5) 121 (67.2)
Having Underlying Diseases No 484 (89.6) 144 (80.0) 0.023
Yes 56 (10.4) 36 (20.0)
Consanguineous Marriage No 352 (65.2) 106 (58.9) 0.208
Yes 188 (34.8) 74 (41.1)
Type of Infertility Primary 164 (91.1)
Secondary 16 (8.9)
Cost of Treating Infertility < US$ 1500 35 (19.4)
≥ US$ 1500 145 (80.6)
Type of Infertility Treatment Drug therapy 79 (43.8)
Surgery 9 (5.0)
IVF 82 (45.6)
ICSI / IUI 10 (5.6)
  1. a These variables were taken into consideration in matching the two groups
  2. b In these variables, only the data from the infertile group were used to assess relationships
  3. The GEE method with a logit link fuction was used. In each separate GEE, “Infertility status” was considered as the dependent variable and each single demographic predictor was used as an independent variable