Skip to main content

Table 2 Study Measures

From: A combination intervention addressing sexual risk-taking behaviors among vulnerable women in Uganda: study protocol for a cluster randomized clinical trial

Assessment Variables Measurement Reliability Time point
Moderators
 Age, income, education, marital status, history of sex work Sociodemographic Questionnaire   B,6,12,18,24
 Alcohol use, substance use, criminal justice history Modified NIDA Risk Behavior Assessment (RBA) [90]
Alcoholic Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) [91, 92]
.66–.83 B,6,12,18,24
 Mental health status PTSD Checklist [93]
Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI) [94]
.97 B,6,12,18,24
 Partner violence history (paying and intimate) Revised Conflict Tactics scale [95] .80 B,6,12,18,24
 # and type of sexual partners (past year) Modified NIDA Risk Behavior Assessment (RBA) [90] .66–.83 B,6,12,18,24
 Perceived stigma Sex Worker Stigma Index [96]
HIV Stigma Scale [97]
.87–.88
.50–70
B,6,12,18,24
 Social desirability Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (Short form C) [98, 99] .51 B,6,12,18,24
Mediators
 HIV/STI knowledge Brief HIV Knowledge Questionnaire [100] Questions used in NOVA and Suubi studies [33, 34, 101,102,103] .80 B,6,12,18,24
 Condom Use Self-efficacy Condom Use Self-Efficacy Scale [57] .94 B,6,12,18,24
 Condom Negotiation Self-efficacy Questions adapted from Couples Communication Scale [104] .80 B,6,12,18,24
 Sex life/behavior Questions adapted from Levy et al. [105], Paikoff et al. [106], and Rotheram-Borus et al. [107]
Scale adapted from the CDC Violence Against Children Survey [108]
Questions adapted from NOVA [33, 34]
.80 B,6,12,18,24
 Social support Multi-Dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support [109]
Family relations/cohesion scale [47, 62, 80]
Questions adapted from Suubi and Bridges studies [68, 75, 76, 80, 87]
.84 B,6,12,18,24
 Gender-based violence Domestic violence attitudes questions adapted from NOVA and COMPASS studies [33, 34, 110]
Intimate partner violence items adapted from Revised Conflict Tactics scale [95], Economic abuse items adapted from Scale of Economic Abuse [111]
.80
.79–.95
.93
B,6,12,18,24
 Attitudes towards gender roles; decision-making; communication Gender Relations Scale [112]   B,6,12,18,24
 Access to medical care Survey questions adapted from Kalichman et al. [113] and Cunningham et al. [114] 0.74 B,6,12,18,24
 Financial self-efficacy Adapted from Financial self-efficacy subscale of the Domestic Violence-Related Financial Issues scale [115] .75–.86 B,6,12,18,24
 Savings Deposits Bank Statements   B,6,12,18,24
 Behavioral economics measures Questions adapted from Behavioral Biases [116, 117] and Delay Discounting Task measures [118120]   
 Vocational, educational, or business development sessions attended Session attendance   6,12,18,24
Outcomes
 STI (gonorrhea, Trichomonas, chlamydia) HIV status Biological Assay   B,12,24
 STI testing and treatment Chart Review   24
Sexual Risk: #, % of unprotected sexual acts by partner type; #, % protective practices; e.g. PrEP uptake, ART adherence, condom use Modified NIDA Risk Behavior Assessment (RBA) [90]
Questions adapted from Knowledge, attitude and use intention of HIV prevention methods survey [121]
Questions adopted from NOVA, Undarga, and Suubi [33, 34, 48, 75, 76]
.66–.83 B,6,12,18,24
 Cost of staff time, supplies, overhead for HIVRR and for SMF Project records; Admin. review   Ongoing
 Viral load, CD4 count (HIV positive women only) [122]    B,12, 24